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Table 3 Odds ratios of newly diagnosed diabetes based on VFA as a continuous or category variable

From: Abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue: a favorable adipose depot for diabetes?

  No. of participants No. of cases Odds ratios (95% CI)a
Model 1b Model 2c Model 3d Model 4e
Men
 VFA as categories
  Quartile 1 1349 102 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 1.00 (1.00–1.00)
  Quartile 2 1346 133 1.34 (1.02–1.76) 1.22 (0.93–1.61) 1.14 (0.86–1.52) 1.17 (0.87–1.56)
  Quartile 3 1353 229 2.54 (1.98–3.25) 2.26 (1.75–2.90) 2.04 (1.54–2.70) 2.10 (1.58–2.80)
  Quartile 4 1353 323 3.89 (3.07–4.94) 3.40 (2.66–4.34) 2.92 (2.15–3.95) 2.99 (2.20–4.07)
  P for trend    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 VFA as a continuous variable (1 SD increase)    1.68 (1.56–1.80) 1.61 (1.49–1.74) 1.58 (1.43–1.75) 1.58 (1.43–1.75)
Women
 VFA as categories
  Quartile 1 1681 110 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 1.00 (1.00–1.00)
  Quartile 2 1681 192 1.78 (1.39–2.28) 1.65 (1.29–2.13) 1.58 (1.22–2.04) 1.62 (1.25–2.09)
  Quartile 3 1689 274 2.59 (2.05–3.28) 2.32 (1.83–2.95) 2.13 (1.65–2.75) 2.18 (1.68–2.81)
  Quartile 4 1685 426 4.29 (3.42–5.38) 3.66 (2.90–4.61) 3.19 (2.42–4.19) 3.17 (2.41–4.17)
  P for trend    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 VFA as a continuous variable (1 SD increase)    1.64 (1.53–1.75) 1.56 (1.45–1.67) 1.51 (1.38–1.65) 1.49 (1.37–1.63)
  1. aThe cut-off values of VFA quartiles were 81.8, 117.0, and 154.8 cm2 in men and 78.3, 103.4, and 132.1 cm2 in women. SFA subcutaneous fat area, and VFA visceral fat area
  2. bModel 1 adjusted for age
  3. cModel 2 adjusted for age, level of education, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, leisure-time physical activity, systolic blood pressure, and family history of diabetes
  4. dModel 3 adjusted for variables in Model 2 and also for body mass index
  5. eModel 4 adjusted for variables in Model 3 and also for SFA