Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 General characteristics of study participants with and without newly diagnosed diabetes

From: Abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue: a favorable adipose depot for diabetes?

Variables Men Women
Non-diabetes (n = 4614) Newly diagnosed diabetes (n = 787) P for differencesa Non-diabetes (n = 5734) Newly diagnosed diabetes (n = 1002) P for differencesa
Age (years) 56.6 (6.5) 57.6 (6.4) < 0.001 56.3 (6.5) 58.4 (6.4) < 0.001
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L) 5.7 (0.5) 7.7 (2.1) < 0.001 5.7 (0.5) 7.3 (1.8) < 0.001
2-h plasma glucose (mmol/L) 6.9 (1.7) 13.6 (4.3) < 0.001 7.4 (1.6) 13.8 (3.9) < 0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.7 (3.0) 25.9 (3.1) < 0.001 24.6 (3.2) 25.9 (3.5) < 0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 86 (9) 89 (9) < 0.001 82 (9) 85 (9) < 0.001
Body fat percentage (%) 22.1 (5.1) 24.3 (4.8) < 0.001 34.5 (5.5) 36.7 (5.8) < 0.001
Systolic blood pressureb (mmHg) 131 (14) 136 (15) < 0.001 130 (15) 137 (15) < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressureb (mmHg) 84 (8) 86 (8) < 0.001 82 (9) 85 (8) <0.001
VFA (cm2) 116.8 (52.0) 145.6 (55.4) < 0.001 104.2 (39.5) 128.3 (45.4) < 0.001
SFA (cm2) 123.2 (46.2) 136.7 (47.2) < 0.001 166.0 (57.0) 173.6 (60.7) < 0.001
VFA/SFA 0.97 (0.36) 1.11 (0.41) < 0.001 0.67 (0.28) 0.80 (0.33) < 0.001
Levels of education, n (%)c    0.65    < 0.001
 Primary school or less 1864 (40.9) 326 (42.4)   2989 (52.7) 635 (64.2)  
 Middle school 2211 (48.6) 369 (48.0)   2234 (39.4) 295 (29.8)  
 High school or more 478 (10.5) 74 (9.6)   450 (7.9) 59 (6.0)  
Smoking habit, n (%)    0.001    0.49
 Never smoker 1913 (41.5) 363 (46.1)   5718 (99.7) 1001 (99.9)  
 Ex-smoker 259 (5.6) 61 (7.8)   7 (0.1) 0  
 Current smoker 2442 (52.9) 363 (46.1)   9 (0.2) 1 (0.1)  
Alcohol consumption, n (%)    0.129    0.003
 Never drinker 2976 (64.5) 479 (60.9)   5702 (99.4) 995 (99.3)  
 Ex-drinker 113 (2.4) 19 (2.4)   1 (0.02) 3 (0.3)  
 Current drinker 1525 (33.1) 289 (36.7)   31 (0.5) 4 (0.4)  
Leisure-time physical activity, n (%)    0.85    0.66
 0 min/day 4375 (94.8) 750 (95.3)   5386 (93.9) 945 (94.3)  
 1–29 min/day 105 (2.3) 16 (2.0)   139 (2.4) 26 (2.6)  
 ≥ 30 min/day 134 (2.9) 21 (2.7)   209 (3.6) 31 (3.1)  
Family history of diabetes, n (%)d 559 (12.1) 133 (16.9) < 0.001 709 (12.4) 227 (22.7) < 0.001
Glucose regulation status     
 Normal glucose regulation 2576 (55.8)   3082 (53.7)  
 Isolated impaired fasting glucose 630 (13.7)   502 (8.8)  
 Isolated impaired glucose tolerance 927 (20.1)   1503 (26.2)  
 Combined impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance 481 (10.4)   647 (11.3)  
  1. Data are presented as mean (SD), or frequency (percentage). BMI body mass index, SFA subcutaneous fat area, and VFA visceral fat area
  2. aP for difference was calculated with the use of the Chi square test, and Mann–Whitney U for the comparison of participants with and without newly diagnosed diabetes
  3. bMissing data: n = 2 (0.04%) in men without diabetes
  4. cMissing data: n = 61 (1.3%) in men without diabetes, n = 18 (2.3%) in men with newly diagnosed diabetes, n = 61 (1.1%) in women without diabetes, n = 13 (1.3%) in women with newly diagnosed diabetes
  5. dMissing data: n = 4 (0.07%) in women without diabetes, n = 1 (0.10%) in women with newly diagnosed diabetes