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Table 1 Baseline patients characteristics

From: Non-culprit plaque characteristics in acute coronary syndrome patients with raised hemoglobinA1c: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

  NA1c (n = 68) RA1c (n = 69) DM (n = 79) P value
Age, years 58.4 ± 9.9 59.3 ± 9.3 59.2 ± 9.2 0.849
BMI, kg/m2 25.1 ± 4.7 26.3 ± 3.6 26.5 ± 4.5 0.343
Male sex, n (%) 55 (80.9) 53 (76.8) 64 (81.0) 0.780
Smoking, n (%) 48 (70.6) 42 (60.9) 50 (63.3) 0.462
Hypertension, n (%) 24 (35.3) 31 (44.9) 44 (55.7) 0.046*
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 29 (42.6) 45 (65.2) 47 (59.5) 0.021*
Statin, n (%) 12 (17.6) 17 (24.6) 19 (24.1) 0.546
Prior MI, n (%) 12 (17.6) 19 (27.5) 17 (21.5) 0.373
Prior PCI, n (%) 11 (16.2) 15 (21.7) 16 (20.3) 0.695
Chronic kidney disease, n (%) 3 (4.4) 2 (2.9) 3 (3.8) 0.895
STEMI, n (%) 36 (52.9) 40 (58.0) 44 (55.7) 0.839
CK-MB, μg/L 27.7 ± 54.0 42.0 ± 116.4 42.4 ± 130.0 0.652
TnI, μg/L 7.1 ± 21.7 36.9 ± 120.7 22.1 ± 66.9 0.098
Hs-CRP, mg/dL 5.2 ± 4.8 6.4 ± 5.3 5.0 ± 5.1 0.264
Creatinine, μmol/L 76.9 ± 20.9 78.1 ± 19.8 78.4 ± 22.2 0.899
TC, mg/dL 157.3 ± 37.0 172.1 ± 47.5 164.5 ± 45.8 0.195
TG, mg/dL 117.5 ± 47.4 159.1 ± 94.0 146.5 ± 84.9 0.019
LDL-C, mg/dL 100.6 ± 35.4 112.8 ± 42.3 106.6 ± 39.6 0.248
HDL-C, mg/dL 48.2 ± 10.7 46.5 ± 10.4 47.5 ± 10.0 0.653
Insulin, n (%) 0 0 7  
Oral hypoglycemic agents, n (%) 0 0 11  
  1. ACS acute coronary syndrome, BMI body mass index, DM diabetes mellitus, MI myocardial infarction, NA1c normal haemoglobinA1c, RA1c raised haemoglobinA1c, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, STEMI ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, UA unstable angina
  2. Values are mean ± SD or n (%). *P < 0.05