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Table 4 Summary of prevalence rates of cardiovascular comorbidities in persons with type 2 diabetes

From: Prevalence of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes: a systematic literature review of scientific evidence from across the world in 2007–2017

Sex Cardiovascular outcome Studies N Ratea (%) 95% confidence interval (%)
Both Stroke 39 3,901,505 7.6 6.6–8.6
  Myocardial infarction 13 3,518,833 10.0 7.5–12.5
  Angina pectoris 4 354,743 14.6 12.0–17.3
  Heart failure 14 601,154 14.9 13.0–16.7
  Atherosclerosis 4 1153 29.1 21.7–36.4
  Coronary artery disease 42 3,833,200 21.2 20.3–22.2
  Cardiovascular disease (any) 53 4,289,140 32.2 30.0–34.4
Malesb Stroke 10 232,525 6.7 6.0–7.3
  Myocardial infarction 2 1170 11.9 4.3–19.5
  Angina pectoris 1 454 21.1 16.3–26.9
  Heart failure 4 73,361 25.3 11.4–39.2
  Coronary artery disease 9 237,367 18.7 16.5–20.8
  Cardiovascular disease 16 241,406 27.6 25.3–29.9
Femalesb Stroke 10 202,348 5.9 5.1–6.7
  Myocardial infarction 2 1812 9.8 3.5–16.0
  Angina pectoris 1 803 17.4 15.0–20.2
  Heart failure 4 62,690 24.0 11.2–36.8
  Coronary artery disease 10 205,493 14.3 12.4–16.1
  Cardiovascular disease 16 209,153 27.2 22.7–31.7
  1. aWeighted by inverse variance
  2. bNo studies reported atherosclerosis for males or females; only in the aggregate. Rates for males and females do not sum to the total as not all studies reported all outcomes