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Table 3 Number of studies and cardiovascular outcomes reported, by country

From: Prevalence of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes: a systematic literature review of scientific evidence from across the world in 2007–2017

Country Income statusa Studies Patients Stroke MI Angina CHF Atherosclerosis CAD CVD (%)
Australia High 3b 1569 7.7% NR NR NR NR 21.8% 29.4
Belgium High 1 711 8.0% NR NR NR NR 22.0% 30.0
Brazil Upper middle 2 537 5.5% NR NR 4.2% NR 22.6% 27.5
Cameroon Low middle 1 132 5.0% NR NR NR NR 23.6% 28.6
China Upper middle 5 39,934 15.2% NR NR 4.3% 30.5% 17.0% 28.4
France High 1 987 15.3% NR NR 9.1% NR 29.5% 53.9
India Low middle 3b 1656 3.1% NR NR NR NR 29.4% 42.6
Indonesia Low middle 1 400 10.8% NR NR NR NR 28.8% 39.6
Iraq Upper middle 1 1079 NR NR NR NR NR NR 16.0
Ireland High 1 309 5.2% NR NR NR NR 17.8% 23.0
Italy High 5 19,869 2.4% 6.2% NR NR NR 11.1% 14.8
Korea High 2 654 20.3% NR NR NR 21.5% 37.0% 47.2
Mexico Upper middle 1 160 NR NR NR 57.5% NR NR 57.5
Netherlands High 3 899 6.1% NR NR 30.6% 33.0% 28.2% 44.5
Portugal High 1 3215 5.0% NR NR NR NR 12.0% 17.0
Qatar High 1 180 NR NR NR NR NR 31.7% 31.7
Russian Federation Upper middle 1 3,060,517 4.2% 3.4% NR NR NR 13.4% 21.0
Saudi Arabia High 2 2700 7.1% 11.4% NR NR NR 23.1% 30.0
Scotland High 3b 351,592 NR NR NR NR NR 19.7% 19.7
Spain High 7 430,855 8.0% 20.2% NR 30.3% NR 13.6% 29.8
Sweden High 3 453,791 10.3% 9.3% 14.6% 9.5% NR NR 31.3
Switzerland High 1 83 15.7% NR NR NR NR 33.7% 49.4
Thailand Upper middle 1 1505 2.5% NR NR NR NR NR 2.5
UK High 1 2733 7.9% NR NR NR NR 34.5% 42.4
USA High 7 170,803 10.9% 13.6% 17.2% 15.5% NR 28.1% 44.0
16 countries High 42 1,440,950 9.3% 12.1% 15.9% 19.0% 27.3% 24.3% 33.6
6 countries Upper middle 11 3,103,732 6.9% 3.4%   22.0% 30.5% 17.7% 25.5
3 countries Low middle 5 2188 6.3%      27.3% 36.9
0 countries Low 0 0        
25 countries Overall 58 4,546,870c 8.4% 10.7% 15.9% 20.1% 28.3% 23.7% 32.1
  1. CAD coronary artery disease (also reported as coronary heart disease or ischemic heart disease), CHF congestive heart failure, CVD cardiovascular disease, MI myocardial infarction, NR not reported
  2. aWorld Bank status [117] based on Gross National Income per capita per annum (in USD) as of 01 July, 2016: Low < $1025; Low middle = $1026–$4035; Upper middle = $4036–$12,475; High > $12,476. Country status extracted from World Bank Database [118]
  3. bA study reports two separate analyses within the same paper. In total there are 58 studies across 55 articles
  4. cStudy evaluated patients from multiple countries and therefore is not included in this table. Thus, there are 4,546,870 patients across 55 studies