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Table 1 Overview of studies in the analysis

From: Prevalence of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes: a systematic literature review of scientific evidence from across the world in 2007–2017

Author (year) Country Patients % obese or reported BMI % males Age (years) Diabetes duration (years) Follow-up (years) Time of data collection
Alaboud (2016) [41] Saudi Arabia 748 64.3% 42.4% 57.9 13.3 NR Apr–Jun 2014
Alonso-Moran (2014) [42] Spain 134,421 NR 54.0% NR NR NR 2007–2011
Alwakeel (2008) [30] Saudi Arabia 1952 44.8% 48.3% 58.4 10.4 7.9 Jan 1989–Jan 2004
Bhatti (2016) [26]a India 1522 BMI = 26.7 ± 4.4 58.3% 58.1 7.2 NR 2011–2014
Boonman-de Winter (2012) [38] Netherlands 581 28.1% 53.4% 71.6 5.5 NR Feb 2009–Mar 2010
Cardoso (2008) [31] Brazil 471 NR 34.2% 60.5 9.3 4.8 1994–1996, 2001
Carnethon (2010) [32] USA 919 BMI = 28.2 ± 4.9 53.4% 72.8 NR 11.3 (1989/92–93) through 2005
Carrasco-Sánchez (2014) [43] Spain 490 BMI = 31.4 ± 14.23 44.3% 76.6 NR NR 2008–2011
Cheng (2014) [86] China 2834 91.6% 51.8% 58.5 7.0 NR Aug 2011–Mar 2012
Collier (2015) [27]a Scotland 7385 51.0% NR 64.3 NR NR NR
   6032 57.5% NR 66.4 NR NR NR
Cortez-Dias (2010) [87] Portugal 3215 45.1% 38.4% 58.1 NR NR Apr 2006–Nov 2007
Daghash (2007) [88] Qatar 180 BMI = 30.35 ± 4.9 43.0% 51.3 NR NR May–Oct 2004
Doucet (2016) [89] France 987 BMI = 29.7 ± 5.2 47.9% 77.1 17.8 NR Jun 2009–Jul 2010
Eeg-Olofsson (2010) [33] Sweden 18,334 BMI = 28.8 ± 5 56.7% 64.0 8.0 5.6 1997–1998–2003
Farrell (2014) [90] Ireland 309 NR NR NR NR NR NR
Fu (2010) [91] Spain, France, UK, Norway, Finland, Germany, Poland 1942 52.9% 64.4% 64.5 6.2 2.8 Jun 2006–Feb 2007
Giallauria (2015) [92] Italy 475 NR 74% 69.7 NR NR Jan 28–Feb 10, 2008
Glogner (2014) [40] Sweden 83,021 BMI = 28.9 ± 5.04 55.3% 65.8 7.6 7.2 Enrolled: 1998–2003; through 2009
Gobardhan (2017) [93] Netherlands 318 53.0% 50.9% 52.3 11.0 10.0 NR
Gondim (2016) [94] Brazil 66 BMI = 27.17 ± 4.62 43.9% 64.6 NR NR NR
Hermans (2016) [95] Belgium 711 BMI = 29.5 ± 5.8 66% 67.0 16.0 NR NR
Hunt (2014) [96] USA 1030 BMI = 33.6 23.5% 52.7 10.5 NR 1995–2003
Jackson (2012) [97] Scotland 216,652 NR 53.6% ≥40 NR 4.5 2001–2007
Jurado (2009) [98] Spain 307 44.9% 61.6% 59.6 8.5 NR Nov 2001–Dec 2002
Kucharska-Newton (2010) [99] USA 209 BMI = 31.0 ± 6.0 43.5% 55.5 NR NR 1987–1989–2001
Kwon (2014) [100] Korea 59 NR 59.3% 64.5 NR 13.0 Korea
Lin (2013) [45] USA 162,332 NR NR ≥18 ≥2 ≥2 USA
Liu (2015) [101] China 21,072 NR 53.9% 63.7 NR NR China
Luo (2014) [102] China 4836 BMI: 24.3 57.6% 64.9 NR 1.0 China
MacDonald (2011) [103] 247 countries 669 BMI = 31.2 ± 4.6 51.7% 58.8 7.2 2.0 247 countries
Malik (2015) [34] Scotland 121,523 BMI = 31.7 ± 6.6 52.0% 63.0 4.2 4.8 Scotland
Mansour (2013) [48] Iraq 1079 33.8% 58.8% 56.3 7.4 NR Iraq
Mazza (2007) [104] Italy 581 30.1% 34.8% 74.3 20.3 12.0 Italy
Menghua (2014) [49] China 240 NR NR NR NR NR China
Menzaghi (2014) [36] Italy 2094 BMI = 29.1 ± 5.3 51.3% 61.9 10.4 12.9 Italy
Mody (2007) [105] USA 4816 NR 34.4% 50.9 NR NR USA
Mundet (2012) [106] Spain 4298 BMI = 29.34 ± 4.84 48.2% 67.4 8.4 10.0 Spain
Narksawat (2013) [107] Thailand 1505 32.2% 30.4% 63.3 NR NR Thailand
Norhammar (2016) [50] Sweden 352,436 NR 56.1% 67.1 NR NR Sweden
Penno (2015) [108] Italy 11,538 34.5% 52.9% 65.5 12.5 NR Italy
Rodriguez-Poncelas (2014) [109] Spain 1141 46.5% 60.6% 66.8 9.1 NR Feb–Jul 2011
Rossi (2011) [51] Italy 5181 BMI = 29.8 ± 5.0 58.4% 64.4 10.0 2.3 (Jan 2006–Nov 2007), 2009
Salinero-Fort (2016) [35] Spain 3407 BMI = 30.1 ± 4.9 50.3% 69.0 9.1 5.0 2007 (2008–2012)
Senthil (2014) [69] India 134 NR 72.1% NR NR NR NR
Shestakova (2016) [29] Russian Federation 3,060,517 NR 28.3% NR NR 1.0 2014–2015
Soetedjo (2014) [110] Indonesia 400 56.8% 43.8% 57.7 10.3 NR Dec 2013–Jun 2014
Song (2009) [46] UK 2733 BMI = 33.4 ± 6.7 NR 64.2 12.7 NR 2008
Suh (2008) [111] USA 608 51.4% 44.82% 73.2 12.9 10.0 1999–2004
Tamba (2013) [37] Cameroon 132 30.0% 56% 58.0 12.0 6.0 2000–2009
Tan (2016) [28]a Australia 793 54.8% 50.9% 67.2 8.0 15.0 2008–2011
   65 35.4% 56.9% 61.1 10.0 15.0  
Utrera-Lagunas (2013) [112] Mexico 160 33.8% 45.0% 69.2 18.3 NR Feb 2011–Jan 2012
Vinagre (2012) [113] Spain 286,791 45.4% 53.7% 68.2 6.5 NR 2009
Wentworth (2012) [39] Australia 711 >50% 55.1% 53.0 11.4 NR 1998–2011
Wong (2012) [114] USA 889 NR 46.2% 60.6 13.3 NR 2003–2006
Yan (2015) [115] Hong Kong 10,952 63.6% 56.1% 58.2 7.0 NR Nov 2007–Jul 2012
Yang (2015) [47] Korea 595 BMI = 24.29 ± 3.15 58.32% 64.9 13.6 NR 2006–2010
Zekry (2012) [116] Switzerland 83 BMI = 27.2 ± 4.9 36.1% 84.2 NR 4.0 Jan 2004–Dec 2005
57 studies Total 4549,481       
  Median 1030 45.4% 52.0% 64.3 10.0 6.0  
  Average 77,110 47.0% 50.5% 63.6 10.4 7.3  
  SD (range) (59–3,060,517) 14.7% 10.3% 6.9 3.7 4.5  
  1. BMI body mass index, NR not reported, SD standard deviation
  2. aStudy reports two separate analyses within the same paper; thus, there are 60 studies in 57 articles