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Table 2 Circulating levels of vaspin, resistin, and visfatin and other parameters related to metabolism and inflammation according to the severity of carotid atherosclerosis

From: Circulating levels of adipose tissue-derived inflammatory factors in elderly diabetes patients with carotid atherosclerosis: a retrospective study

  Mild group (n = 87) Moderate group (n = 105) Severe group (n = 64) F value/χ2 p value
TG (mmol/L) 1.50 ± 0.69 1.64 ± 1.24 2.34 ± 1.41Δ# 7.745 < 0.05
TC (mmol/L) 4.76 ± 0.23 4.61 ± 0.54 4.75 ± 2.09 0.876 > 0.05
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.62 ± 0.93 2.61 ± 0.75 2.59 ± 1.17 0.654 > 0.05
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.79 ± 0.59 1.58 ± 0.45 1.37 ± 0.50Δ# 5.567 < 0.05
FPG (mmol/L) 7.11 ± 1.20 7.76 ± 3.16 8.76 ± 2.20 0.532 > 0.05
FINS (mIU/L) 21.73 ± 5.2 22.78 ± 11.72 26.89 ± 13.12Δ 4.543 < 0.05
HOMA-IR 7.41 ± 2.72 9.44 ± 21.18Δ 13.17 ± 6.62Δ# 7.324 < 0.05
HbA1C (%) 7.58 ± 0.41 8.07 ± 1.97 8.42 ± 2.17 0.432 > 0.05
Vaspin (pg/mL) 317 ± 23.12 269 ± 32.12 229 ± 14.24Δ 9.511 < 0.05
Resistin (ng/mL) 2.01 ± 0.23 2.89 ± 1.01 3.12 ± 1.12Δ 7.271 < 0.05
Visfatin (µg/mL) 11.63 ± 7.48 15.24 ± 2.19Δ 17.54 ± 2.98Δ 6.876 < 0.05
hs-CRP (mg/L) 2.78 ± 3.84 3.12 ± 4.30 5.02 ± 3.54Δ# 5.321 < 0.05
  1. TG triglyceride, TC total cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HLD-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, FPG fasting plasma glucose, FINS fasting insulin, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, HbA1C glycosylated hemoglobin, hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein
  2. Δp < 0.05 compared with the mild group; # p < 0.05 compared with the moderate group