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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients according to the severity of carotid atherosclerosis

From: Circulating levels of adipose tissue-derived inflammatory factors in elderly diabetes patients with carotid atherosclerosis: a retrospective study

  Mild group Moderate group Severe group F value/χ2 p
(n = 87) (n = 105) (n = 64)
Gender (M/F) 55/32 64/44 40/24 0.653 > 0.05
Age (years) 75.52 ± 3.32 76.21 ± 7.21 76.01 ± 5.21 0.487 > 0.05
DM duration (years) 23.89 ± 2.32 23.28 ± 1.26 24.79 ± 3.43 0.563 > 0.05
BMI (kg/m2) 25.13 ± 2.54 26.40 ± 5.24 28.24 ± 5.14* 8.324 < 0.05
WHR 0.83 ± 0.13 0.86 ± 0.24 0.98 ± 0.65* 11.324 < 0.01
SBP (mmHg) 135 ± 6 141 ± 13 148 ± 12* 4.213 < 0.05
DBP (mmHg) 69 ± 4 67 ± 7 72 ± 9 0.672 > 0.05
Medications, n (%)     
 Aspirin 26 (29.8%) 54 (51.4%) 48 (75%) 6.324 < 0.05
 Statins 34 (39%) 55 (52%) 50 (78.1%) 7.324 < 0.01
 Probucol 10 (11.4%) 25 (23.8%) 40 (62.5%) 5.234 < 0.05
 Metformin 35 (40.2%) 74 (70.4%) 55 (85.9%) 5.341 < 0.05
 Acarbose 55 (63.2%) 76 (72.3%) 55 (85.9%) 0.985 > 0.05
 SUs 15 (17.2%) 27 (25.7%) 16 (17.8%) 0.765 > 0.05
 TZDs 35 (40.2%) 57 (54.2%) 48 (75%) 2.543 < 0.05
 Insulin 22 (25.2%) 46 (43.8%) 45 (70.3%) 4.324 < 0.05
  1. Italic values indicates that, the proportions of patients that received aspirin and probucol were significantly larger in patients with severe atherosclerosis as compared with those in patients with mild atherosclerosis; while the proportions of patients were significantly different among the three groups. As for the hypoglycemic, the proportions of patients that received metformin, thiazolidones and insulin injection were significantly larger as compared with those in patients with mild atherosclerosis
  2. DM diabetes mellitus, BMI body mass index, WHR waist hip ratio, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, SUs sulfonylureas, TZDs thiazolidone
  3. * p < 0.05 compared with the mild group; Δ p < 0.05 compared with the moderate group