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Table 4 Selection of confounders based on univariate analysis

From: Association between abdominal adiposity and subclinical measures of left-ventricular remodeling in diabetics, prediabetics and normal controls without history of cardiovascular disease as measured by magnetic resonance imaging: results from the KORA-FF4 Study

  LVM LVCI LVEDV LVSV
Age (years) PreDef (0.33) PreDef (< 0.001) PreDef (< 0.001) PreDef (0.001)
Sex (men) PreDef (< 0.001) PreDef (< 0.001) PreDef (0.24) PreDef (0.33)
BMI (kg/m2) PreDef (0.007) PreDef (< 0.001) PreDef (< 0.001) PreDef (< 0.001)
Diabetes status 0.03 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
HbA1c 0.003* < 0.001* 0.004* < 0.001*
Hypertension < 0.001 < 0.001 0.02 0.08
Systolic RR (mmHg) < 0.001* < 0.001* 0.003* 0.003*
Diastolic RR (mmHg) 0.007* < 0.001* 0.003* < 0.001*
Antihypertensive medication 0.03* 0.001* 0.08* 0.61
Triglyceride levels (mg/dL) < 0.001 < 0.001 0.001 < 0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/L) 0.90 0.003* 0.001* 0.001*
HDL (mg/dL) < 0.001 < 0.001 0.02 < 0.001
LDL (mg/dL) 0.54 0.001 0.001 < 0.001
Lipid lowering medication 0.05 0.02 0.42 0.46
Smoking status 0.30 0.48 0.98 0.99
  1. Covariates with a p value < 0.10 were included in multivariate analysis (italicized). In case of co-linearity (*), the more common definition of the risk factors was included. Age, sex and BMI were included in the model based on previous literature independent of the p value (PreDef)