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Table 3 Associations with incident all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality for density and volume measures analyzed in the same model in European American and African American participants with type 2 diabetes

From: Associations of coronary artery calcified plaque density with mortality in type 2 diabetes: the Diabetes Heart Study

Outcome CAC measure European Americans African Americans
Hazard ratio 95% confidence interval p-value n Hazard ratio 95% confidence interval p-value n
All-cause mortality Volume 1.60 1.29 1.99 2.25 × 10−5 889 1.76 1.22 2.53 0.003 552
Density 1.10 0.94 1.28 0.225 889 0.77 0.55 1.07 0.117 552
CVD mortality Volume 1.78 1.30 2.44 3.70 × 10−4 875 2.56 1.40 4.67 0.002 544
Density 1.13 0.92 1.39 0.252 875 0.69 0.43 1.10 0.121 544
  1. Hazard ratios for mortality associations reported per standard deviation change in coronary artery calcification measures. Models adjusted for age, sex, statin use, total cholesterol, HDL, systolic blood pressure, high blood pressure medication use, and current smoking; analyses additionally adjusted for study (Diabetes Heart Study or African American Diabetes Heart Study) in African Americans. All calcification measures were derived using a 90 HU (Hounsfield unit) threshold