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Table 2 Associations with incident all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality for coronary artery calcification measures analyzed in independent models in European American and African American participants with type 2 diabetes

From: Associations of coronary artery calcified plaque density with mortality in type 2 diabetes: the Diabetes Heart Study

Outcome CAC measure European Americans African Americans
Hazard ratio 95% confidence interval p-value n Hazard ratio 95% confidence interval p-value n
All-cause mortality Volume (90 HU) 1.67 1.37 2.03 3.08 × 10−7 902 1.48 1.14 1.92 0.003 552
All-cause mortality Agatston score (90 HU) 1.65 1.35 2.02 1.02 × 10−6 901 1.45 1.12 1.88 0.005 551
All-cause mortality Agatston score (130 HU) 1.54 1.27 1.87 1.42 × 10−5 816 1.27 1.01 1.61 0.046 446
All-cause mortality Density (90 HU) 1.31 1.12 1.53 6.98 × 10−4 889 1.13 0.92 1.38 0.233 552
CVD mortality Volume (90 HU) 1.93 1.45 2.57 6.58 × 10−6 887 2.00 1.25 3.21 0.004 544
CVD mortality Agatston score (90 HU) 1.86 1.39 2.49 3.46 × 10−5 886 1.98 1.25 3.13 0.004 543
CVD mortality Agatston score (130 HU) 1.68 1.25 2.27 5.74 × 10−4 801 1.84 1.20 2.84 0.006 438
CVD mortality Density (90 HU) 1.39 1.13 1.70 0.002 875 1.26 0.95 1.66 0.106 544
  1. Hazard ratios for mortality associations reported per standard deviation change in coronary artery calcification measures. Models adjusted for age, sex, statin use, total cholesterol, HDL, systolic blood pressure, high blood pressure medication use, and current smoking; analyses additionally adjusted for study (Diabetes Heart Study or African American Diabetes Heart Study) in African Americans
  2. HU Hounsfield unit