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Table 1 Characteristics of components of the arterial tree

From: Diabetes, cardiovascular disease and the microcirculation

  Elastic arteries Muscular conduit arteries Muscular resistance arterioles Capillaries
Diameter > 2 mm 150 µm–2 mm 8–150 µm < 8 µm
Regulation Media structure > endothelium Media structure and endothelium Endothelium > media structure Endothelium only
Function Conduit: elastic recoil (diastolic BP) Conduit: minor resistance Resistance Nutrient and waste exchange
  1. BP blood pressure