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Table 3 Health Care Utilization Patterns Stratified by Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Status

From: Antidiabetic treatment patterns and specialty care utilization among patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease

Encounter department No established CVD N = 54,659 Established CVD N = 40,910 P value*
Internal/family medicine, n (%) < 0.001
 0 visits 13,639 (25.0) 10,536 (25.8)  
 1–3 visits 27,083 (49.5) 16,266 (39.8)  
 ≥ 4 visits 13,937 (25.5) 14,108 (34.5)  
Endocrinology, n (%) 0.022
 0 visits 44,405 (81.2) 33,517 (81.9)  
 1–3 visits 8911 (16.3) 6405 (15.7)  
 ≥ 4 visits 1343 (2.5) 988 (2.4)  
Cardiology, n (%) < 0.001
 0 visits 48,926 (89.5) 25,377 (62.0)  
 1–3 visits 5245 (9.6) 11,801 (28.8)  
 ≥ 4 visits 488 (0.9) 3732 (9.1)  
  1. *Categorical variables were evaluated for association using the Chi squared test; continuous variables were tested using the Mann–Whitney U test