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Table 1 Characteristics of the study groups

From: Correction to: Type 2 diabetes-associated carotid plaque burden is increased in patients with retinopathy compared to those without retinopathy

  Diabetes without retinopathy (n = 159) Diabetic with retinopathy (n = 153) p
Sex—men, n (%) 82 (51.6%) 76 (49.7%) 0.824
Non caucasian, n (%) 7 (4.40%) 7 (4.58%) 1.000
Age (years) 59.0 [48.5;66.0] 61.0 [54.0;68.0] 0.012
Disease duration (years) 6.00 [2.50;10.0] 11.0 [6.00;20.0] < 0.001
Insulin treatment, n (%) 20 (12.6%) 84 (54.9%) < 0.001
Smoking (current/past/never) (n) 32/55/71 30/44/79 0.442
Antiplatelet treatment, n (%) 47 (29.6%) 71 (46.4%) 0.003
Dyslipidaemia, n (%) 67 (42.1%) 78 (51.0%) 0.147
Hypertension, n (%) 80 (50.3%) 103 (67.3%) 0.003
Systolic BP (mmHg) 134 [123;145] 143 [133;159] < 0.001
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 76.0 [70.5;83.0] 77.5 [68.8;85.2] 0.752
Heart rate (b/min) 75.0 [68.0;82.0] 77.0 [70.0;86.0] 0.076
Body mass index (kg/m2) 30.3 [27.4;34.0] 31.1 [28.3;35.0] 0.247
Waist (cm) 103 [96.8;111] 107 [101;114] 0.007
Haemoglobin A1c (%) 7.00 [6.50;7.90] 8.10 [7.20;9.10] < 0.001
Total-cholesterol (mg/dL) 184 [163;206] 181 [163;204] 0.988
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 47.0 [40.0;57.0] 50.5 [42.0;60.2] 0.03
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 109 [90.4;130] 105 [86.5;128] 0.268
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 118 [89.5;169] 116 [83.0;168] 0.617
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.79 [0.69;0.92] 0.79 [0.68;0.93] 0.797
Urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (mg/g) 5.80 [3.19;10.9] 12.4 [6.00;32.7] < 0.001
  1. Data are presented as the median values and interquartile ranges
  2. BP blood pressure