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Table 5 Effect of age in the correlation between risk factors, gender and type of plaques

From: The role of obesity in carotid plaque instability: interaction with age, gender, and cardiovascular risk factors

  Male patients < 70 years Male patients ≥ 70 years
Unstable plaques Stable plaques Multivariate analysis Unstable plaques Stable plaques Multivariate analysis
N = 84 N = 48 p OR (95% CI) N = 103 N = 38 p OR (95% CI)
Hypertension 67 (79.8%) 25 (52.1%) 0.02 0.27 (0.12–0.63) 79 (76.7%) 18 (47.4%) 0.002 0.27 (0.12–0.62)
Diabetes 24 (28.6%) 14 (29.2%) 0.52 1.34 (0.55–3.30) 21 (20.4%) 6 (15.8%) 0.90 0.93 (0.32–2.71)
Smoking habit 63 (75.0%) 34 (70.8%) 0.88 1.07 (0.44–2.59) 54 (52.4%) 24 (63.2%) 0.12 1.97 (0.84–4.58)
Dyslipidemia (high LDL-C) 65 (77.4%) 26 (54.2%) 0.04 0.42 (0.18–0.95) 63 (61.2%) 20 (52.6%) 0.86 4.57 (0.38–1.97)
Obesity 16 (19.0%) 2 (4.2%) 0.03 5.91 (1.17–29.80) 12 (11.7%) 1 (2.6%) 0.16 4.61 (0.54–39.19)