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Table 4 Correlation between risk factors and type of carotid plaques in male and female patients

From: The role of obesity in carotid plaque instability: interaction with age, gender, and cardiovascular risk factors

  Male patients Female patients
Unstable plaques Stable plaques Multivariate analysis Unstable plaques Stable plaques Multivariate analysis
N = 187 N = 86 p OR (95% CI) N = 66 N = 51 p OR (95% CI)
Age, mean (SD) 70.4 (7.2) 68.8 (6.9) 0.03 0.96 (0.92–1.00) 70.5 (7.31) 69.7 (7.44) 0.42 1.02 (0.97–1.08)
Hypertension 146 (78.1%) 43 (50.0%) 0.001 0.27 (0.15–0.49) 54 (81.8%) 28 (54.9%) 0.005 0.29 (0.12–0.69)
Diabetes 45 (24.1%) 20 (23.3%) 0.68 1.15 (0.59–2.23) 18 (27.3%) 11 (21.6%) 0.65 0.81 (0.32–2.04)
Smoking habit 117 (62.6%) 58 (67.4%) 0.19 1.50 (0.82–2.75) 28 (42.9%) 24 (47.1%) 0.54 1.20 (0.58–2.85)
Dyslipidemia (high LDL-C) 128 (68.4%) 46 (53.5%) 0.06 0.58 (0.32–1.07) 50 (75.8%) 33 (64.7%) 0.43 0.71 (0.30–1.66)
Obesity 28 (15.0%) 3 (3.5%) 0.01 5.06 (1.42–18.11) 8 (12.1%) 4 (7.8%) 0.92 0.93 (0.25–3.52)