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Table 3 Correlation between risk factors and cerebrovascular symptoms

From: The role of obesity in carotid plaque instability: interaction with age, gender, and cardiovascular risk factors

  Asymptomatic patients Symptomatic patients Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
N = 125 N = 265 p p OR (95% CI)
1st model
 Age, mean (SD) 70.0 (7.3) 69.4 (7.0) 0.90 0.11 1.03 (0.99–1.06)
 Gender
  M 79 (63.2%) 194 (73.2%) 0.06 0.02 0.57 (0.35–0.92)
  F 46 (36.8%) 71 (28.8%)    
 Hypertension 73 (58.4%) 198 (74.7%) 0.001 0.004 1.98 (1.24–3.17)
 Diabetes 29 (23.2%) 65 (24.5%) 0.80 0.86 0.96 (0.56–1.62)
 Smoking habit 75 (60.0%) 152 (57.4%) 0.66 0.31 0.78 (0.49–1.25)
 Dyslipidemia (high LDL-C) 72 (57.6%) 185 (69.8%) 0.02 0.04 1.64 (1.03–2.61)
 Obesity 6 (4.8%) 37 (14.0%) 0.006 0.02 0.34 (0.14–0.86)
2nd model
 Metabolic syndrome 30 (24.0%) 93 (35.2%) 0.03 0.04 1.71 (1.05–3.04)
 Metabolic syndrome without obesity 24 (20.2%) 61 (26.3%) 0.24 0.26 1.17 (0.71–1.88)
 Metabolic syndrome with obesity 6 (5.9%) 33 (16.2%) 0.01 0.01 3.15 (1.85–5.10)