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Table 2 Correlation between risk factors and type of carotid plaques in all cases

From: The role of obesity in carotid plaque instability: interaction with age, gender, and cardiovascular risk factors

  Unstable plaques Stable plaques Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
N = 253 N = 137 p p OR (95% CI)
1st model
 Age, mean (SD) 70.0 (7.3) 69.4 (7.0) 0.90 0.20 0.98 (0.95–1.01)
 Gender
  M 187 (73.9%) 86 (62.8%) 0.03 0.007 1.96 (1.20–3.18)
  F 66 (26.1%) 51 (37.2%)    
 Hypertension 200 (79.1.5%) 71 (51.8%) 0.001 0.001 0.29 (0.18–0.47)
 Diabetes 63 (24.9%) 31 (22.6%) 0.71 0.97 1.01 (0.59–1.72)
 Smoking habit 145 (57.3%) 82 (59.9%) 0.67 0.19 1.37 (0.85–2.20)
 Dyslipidemia (high LDL-C) 178 (70.4%) 79 (57.7%) 0.01 0.05 0.63 (0.39–1.01)
 Obesity 36 (14.2%) 7 (5.1%) 0.006 0.03 2.58 (1.08–6.19)
2nd model
 Metabolic syndrome 96 (38.1%) 27 (19.7%) 0.001 0.001 2.55 (1.61–4.90)
 Metabolic syndrome without obesity 62 (24.5%) 21 (15.3%) 0.006 0.006 1.48 (0.86–2.31)
 Metabolic syndrome with obesity 33 (13.0%) 6 (4.4%) 0.001 0.003 3.97 (1.81–6.22)