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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients

From: The role of obesity in carotid plaque instability: interaction with age, gender, and cardiovascular risk factors

  All cases Symptomatic patients Asymptomatic, patients Symptomatics vs. asymptomatics
N = 390 N = 265 N = 125 p
Age, mean (SD) 69.80 (7.21) 70.11 (7.39) 69.17 (6.80) 0.23
Gender
 M 273 (70.0%) 117 (30.0%) 194 (73.2%) 0.04
 F 71 (26.8%) 79 (63.2%) 46 (36.8%)  
Obesity 43 (11.0%) 37 (14.0%) 6 (4.8%) 0.007
Hypertension 271 (69.5%) 198 (74.7%) 73 (58.4%) 0.001
Diabetes 94 (24.1%) 65 (24.5%) 29 (23.2%) 0.77
Smoking habit 227 (58.2%) 152 (57.4%) 75 (60.0%) 0.62
Dyslipidemia (high LDL-C) 257 (65.9%) 185 (69.8%) 72 (57.6%) 0.02
Metabolic syndrome 123 (31.6%) 93 (35.2%) 30 (24.0%) 0.03
Drugs
 Statins 147 (37.7%) 101 (38.1%) 46 (36.8%) 0.80
 Diuretics 223 (57.2%) 158 (59.6%) 65 (52.0%) 0.16
Previous myocardial infarction/unstable angina 52 (13.3%) 37 (14.0%) 15 (12.0%) 0.59
Histological type of carotid plaque
 Stable plaques 137 (35.1%) 51 (19.2%) 86 (68.8%) 0.001
 Unstable plaques 253 (64.9%) 214 (80.8%) 39 (31.2%)  
  Ruptured/thrombotic 123 (45.5%) 123 (45.5%) 0  
  TCFA 72 (18.5%) 33 (12.5%) 39 (31.2%)  
  Thrombus in organization 58 (14.9%) 58 (14.9%) 0