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Table 2 Glycemic and blood pressure levels in the first year after diagnosis of diabetes

From: Control of glycemia and blood pressure in British adults with diabetes mellitus and subsequent therapy choices: a comparison across health states

  Overall (n = 292,170) Otherwise fit (n = 270,068) Mild frailty (n = 21,448) Moderate or severe frailty (n = 654) p value
Index HbA1C (after at least 6 months of management)
< 6% 15.2 (44,293) 15.0 (40,602) 16.6 (3559) 20.2 (132) < 0.0001
 6.0–6.4% 16.4 (47,985) 16.3 (44,113) 17.5 (3761) 17 (111) < 0.0001
6.5–6.9% 18.1 (53,020) 18.1 (48,844) 18.9 (4055) 18.5 (121) 0.01
7.0–7.5% 13.3 (38,765) 13.2 (35,777) 13.5 (2903) 13.0 (85) 0.48
> 7.5% 37.0 (108,107) 37.3 (100,732) 33.4 (7170) 31.3 (205) < 0.0001
HbA1C at least 6 months after index HbA1C Overall (n = 231,278) Otherwise fit (n = 214,456) Mild frailty (n = 16,398) Moderate or severe frailty (n = 424) p value
< 6% 13.1 (30,260) 12.9 (27,740) 14.9 (2450) 16.5 (70) < 0.0001
6.0–6.4% 15.9 (36,735) 15.8 (33,848) 17.1 (2812) 17.7 (75) < 0.0001
6.5–6.9% 18.9 (43,682) 18.8 (40,397) 19.6 (3211) 17.5 (74) 0.05
7.0–7.5% 14.4 (33,338) 14.5 (31,015) 13.8 (2269) 12.7 (54) 0.06
> 7.5% 37.7 (87,263) 38 (81,456) 34.5 (5656) 35.6 (151) < 0.0001
Index systolic blood pressure (after at least 6 months of management)
< 120 mmHg 12.7 (37,216) 12.7 (34,266) 13.2 (2839) 17.0 (111) 0.0003
120–129 mmHg 17.1 (49,825) 17.2 (46,582) 14.6 (3139) 15.9 (104) < 0.0001
130–139 mmHg 23.3 (67,987) 23.5 (63,410) 20.8 (4455) 18.7 (122) < 0.0001
140 mmHg or greater 46.9 (137,142) 46.6 (125,810) 51.4 (11,015) 48.5 (317) < 0.0001
Systolic blood pressure 6 months after index Overall (n = 247,199) Otherwise fit (n = 228,210) Mild frailty (n = 18,447) Moderate or severe frailty (n = 542) p value
< 120 mmHg 12.0 (29,578) 11.9 (27,091) 13.0 (2396) 16.8 (91) < 0.0001
120–129 mmHg 17.3 (42,697) 17.4 (39,661) 15.9 (2940) 17.7 (96) < 0.0001
130–139 mmHg 24.1 (59,621) 24.3 (55,557) 21.4 (3949) 21.2 (115) < 0.0001
140 mmHg or greater 46.6 (115,303) 46.4 (105,901) 49.7 (9162) 44.3 (240) < 0.0001