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Table 2 Baseline laboratory investigations (n = 74)

From: Relationship between polyunsaturated fatty acid composition in serum phospholipids, systemic low-grade inflammation, and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease

Variable n = 74 HbA1c < 7.0%
n = 38
HbA1c ≥ 7.0%
n = 36
p value
HbA1c (%) 7.0 (6.6; 7.5) 6.6 (6.5; 6.8) 7.5 (7.2; 8.3) < 0.0001
Insulin (µIU/ml) 21.5 (14.6; 33.6) 19.1 (14.6; 27. 9) 24.4 (14.8; 38.5) 0.15
C-peptide (ng/ml) 3.25 ± 1.40 3.61 ± 1.47 2.87 ± 1.24 0.02
TC (mmol/l) 3.86 ± 0.91 3.69 ± 0.85 4.04 ± 0.95 0.10
LDL-C (mmol/l) 1.91 (1.53; 2.64) 1.825 (1.45; 2.51) 1.99 (1.63; 2.90) 0.22
HDL-C (mmol/l) 1.24 ± 0.38 1.28 ± 0.36 1.21 ± 0.40 0.75
Tg (mmol/l) 1.35 (1.12; 1.92) 1.375 (0.99; 1.91) 1.34 (1.14; 1.99) 0.57
Creatinine (µmol/l) 83.7 ± 22.0 82.9 ± 17.8 84.5 ± 25.9 0.77
eGFR (MDRD) (ml/min/1.73 m2) 78.3 (70.0; 90.0) 81.8 (70.0; 90.0) 78.0 (64.0; 90.0) 0.76
hsCRP (mg/l) 1.54 (0.73; 2.71) 1.33 (0.52; 2.43) 1.87 (0.85; 4.39) 0.02
IL-6 (pg/ml) 1.99 (1.55; 2.79) 1.88 (1.36; 2.28) 2.17 (1.64; 3.13) 0.09
TNFα (pg/ml) 1.48 (1.28; 1.76) 1.43 (1.24; 1.68) 1.52 (1.40; 1.79) 0.22
  1. Data are given as number (percentage) for categorical variables and mean (± standard deviation) or median (IQR) for continuous variables
  2. Italic values indicate significance of p value (p < 0.05)
  3. eGFR (MDRD) estimated glomerular filtration rate calculated by the abbreviated MDRD equation, HbA 1c glycated hemoglobin, HDL-C high-density lipoproteins, hsCRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, IL-6 interleukin-6, LDL-C low-density lipoproteins, TC total cholesterol, Tg triglycerides, TNFα tumor necrosis factor alpha