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Table 1 Patient characteristics according to index revascularization status

From: Impact of diabetes and early revascularization on the need for late and repeat procedures

Variable Total (n = 12,420) No revascularization (n = 5391) PCI (n = 5682) CABG (n = 1347) p value
Age (years) 64 ± 12 63 ± 12 65 ± 12 66 ± 10 < 0.001
Male 8875 (71.5%) 3501 (65%) 4317 (76%) 1057 (79%) < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 28.2 ± 4.6 28.6 ± 4.9 28.0 ± 4.3 27.8 ± 4.4 < 0.001
Hypertension 8484 (68.3%) 3489 (64.7%) 4026 (70.9%) 969 (71.9%) < 0.001
Hyperlipidemia 8300 (66.8%) 3354 (62.2%) 4034 (71%) 912 (67.7%) < 0.001
Family history 2287 (18.4%) 991 (18.4%) 1072 (18.9%) 224 (16.6%) 0.163
Current smoker 2851 (23%) 1189 (22.1%) 1401 (24.7%) 261 (19.4%) < 0.001
Diabetes mellitus 4384 (35.3%) 1781 (33%) 2042 (35.9%) 561 (41.6%) < 0.001
Chronic renal failure 633 (5.1%) 242 (4.5%) 322 (5.7%) 69 (5.1%) 0.019
Creatinine (mg/dl) 1.05 ± 0.70 1.04 ± 0.74 1.06 ± 0.68 1.04 ± 0.58 0.285
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 13.6 ± 1.6 13.6 ± 1.6 13.7 ± 1.6 13.6 ± 1.6 < 0.001
PVD 405 (3.3%) 123 (2.3%) 221 (3.9%) 61 (4.5%) < 0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) (n = 7585) 185 ± 43 184 ± 41 186 ± 44 186 ± 46 0.15
Triglycerides (mg/dl) (n = 7526) 170 ± 116 165 ± 103 177 ± 130 160 ± 94 < 0.001
  1. BMI body mass index, CABG coronary artery bypass graft surgery, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, PVD peripheral vascular disease