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Table 2 Patient demographics and baseline characteristics

From: Suboptimal control of lipid levels: results from the non-interventional Centralized Pan-Russian Survey of the Undertreatment of Hypercholesterolemia II (CEPHEUS II)

Characteristic Full analysis set (n = 2703)
Age (years)
 < 40 46 (1.7)
 40–54 470 (17.4)
 55–69 1529 (56.6)
 ≥ 70 658 (24.3)
 Mean ± SD 62.7 ± 10.0
Sex
 Men 1436 (53.1)
 Women 1267 (46.9)
Race
 Caucasian 2693 (99.6)
 Asian 9 (0.3)
 African 1 (0.0)
BMI (kg/m2)
 < 25 441 (16.3)
 25–29 1133 (41.9)
 ≥ 30 1129 (41.8)
 Mean ± SD 29.5 ± 4.8
Waist circumference (cm) 97.0 ± 12.7
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 135.1 ± 16.0
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 82.3 ± 9.5
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.69 ± 1.19
LDL-C (mmol/l) 2.76 ± 1.02
HDL-C (mmol/l) 1.24 ± 0.32
Glucose (mmol/l) 6.16 ± 2.13
Creatinine (µmol/l) 81.29 ± 22.06
HbA1c (%) 5.84 ± 0.97
HbA1c (mmol/mol)a 40 ± 11
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 14.19 ± 1.35
Hematocrit (%) 42.17 ± 3.62
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2)b
 < 30 14 (0.5)
 30–59 309 (11.4)
 ≥ 60 2380 (88.1)
CV risk factors
 Arterial hypertension 2511 (92.9)
 Family history of premature CHD 963 (35.6)
 Previously diagnosed diabetes mellitus 650 (24.0)
 Tobacco smoker 491 (18.2)
CVD history
 ≥ 1 diagnosis 2254 (83.4)
 Myocardial infarction 1122 (41.5)
 Angina 1306 (48.3)
 Unstable angina 428 (15.8)
 Revascularization 1047 (38.7)
 Peripheral arterial disease 736 (27.2)
 Ischemic stroke 222 (8.2)
 Stroke of unknown etiology 46 (1.7)
Other significant concomitant diseases
 Microalbuminuria 248 (9.2)
 Macroalbuminuria 50 (1.8)
 Diabetic retinopathy 222 (8.2)
 Diabetic neuropathy 221 (8.2)
CV risk categoryb
 Low 2 (0.1)
 Moderate 86 (3.2)
 High 151 (5.6)
 Very high 2464 (91.2)
  1. Numbers are n (%) or mean ± SD. Data were available for all 2703 patients in the full analysis set, except for waist circumference (n = 2702) and levels of glucose (n = 2687), HbA1c (n = 2594), hemoglobin, and hematocrit (both n = 2579)
  2. BMI body mass index, CHD coronary heart disease, CV cardiovascular, CVD cardiovascular disease, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, HbA1c glycosylated hemoglobin, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SD standard deviation
  3. aCalculated, not measured
  4. bCalculated using central laboratory data