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Table 2 Effect of different exercise training programs on MetS

From: The effect of exercise training on clinical outcomes in patients with the metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Outcome Aerobic exercise versus control Combined aerobic and resistance exercise versus control
No. studies N MD (95% CI), p value I2 (%) No. studies N MD (95% CI), p value I2
BMI (kg m−2) 14 385 −0.29 (−0.44, −0.15) p < 0.0001 79 3 652 −0.40 (−0.88, 0.07) p = 0.10 100%
Body weight (kg) 11 217 −1.16 (−1.83, −0.48) p = 0.0008 43 2 46 −0.03 (−0.51, 0.46) p = 0.92 24%
Waist (cm) 13 261 −1.37 (−2.02, −0.71) p < 0.0001 61 3 652 −3.80 (−5.65, −1.95) p < 0.0001 59%
Total fat mass (kg) 5 176 −1.19 kg (−1.79,−0.59) = 0.0001 0 0 0 N/A N/A
Peak VO2 (mL kg−1 min−1) 13 294 3.00 (1.92, 4.08) p < 0.000001 60 3 652 4.64 (2.42, 6.87) p < 0.0001 48%
SBP (mmHg) 15 364 −2.54 (−4.34, −0.75) p = 0.006 78 3 652 −3.79 (−6.18, −1.40, p = 0.002) 0%
DBP (mmHg) 14 337 −2.27 (−3.47, −1.06) p = 0.0002 61 3 652 −0.23 (−3.53, 1.55) p = 0.85 68%
FBG (mmol L−1) 15 378 −0.16 (−0.32, −0.01) p = 0.04 81 2 623 −0.18 (−0.47, 0.25) p = 0.21 0%
HDL (mmol L−1) 15 265 0.03 (−0.01, 0.08) p = 0.19 71 2 623 0.14 (0.04, 0.25) p = 0.009 61%
TG (mmol L−1) 13 308 −0.21 (−0.29, −0.13) p < 0.00001 57 1 606 0.01 (−0.04, 0.02) p = 0.50 0%
LDL (mmol L−1) 2 44 −0.03 (−0.05, −0.00) p = 0.02 0 1 722 −0.30 (−0.61, 0.01) p = 0.06 0%
  1. N number of people included in analysis, BMI body mass index, peak VO 2 peak oxygen consumption, FBG fasting blood glucose, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood glucose, HDL high density lipoproteins, TG triglycerides, LDL low density lipoproteins