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Table 2 Admission blood glucose levels and mortality among patients with no pre-existing DM by multivariate analysis

From: Admission blood glucose and 10-year mortality among patients with or without pre-existing diabetes mellitus hospitalized with heart failure

  HR (95% CI) p
ABG level category* Not adjusted to %LVEF 110–140 mg/dL 1.09 (0.97–1.22) 0.140
140–200 mg/dL 1.16 (1.01–1.33) 0.031
>200 mg/dL 1.53 (1.26–1.85) <0.001
Adjusted to %LVEF 110–140 mg/dL 1.03 (0.89–1.19) 0.682
140–200 mg/dL 1.26 (1.06–1.48) <0.001
>200 mg/dL 1.50 (1.18–1.90) <0.001
Per 18 mg/dL glucose (1 mmol/L)* Not adjusted to %LVEF 1.05 (1.03–1.08) <0.001
Adjusted to %LVEF 1.05 (1.03–1.08) <0.001
Patients with ABG level <200 mg/dL only 1.04 (1.01–1.08) 0.014
  1. To convert glucose to millimoles per liter, multiply by 0.055
  2. ABG admission blood glucose, CI confidence interval, DM diabetes mellitus, HR hazard ratio, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction
  3. * Adjusted for age, sex, COPD, NYHA 3,4, acute on chronic and chronic HF categories, statins, beta-blockers, furosemide, active malignancy, hemoglobin, urea, creatinine, SBP
  4. HR and p-value compared to ABG < 110 mg/dL
  5. Of 3993 patients, 2775 had LVEF data