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Table 2 Rate ratio of hospital admissions for CVD events and interventions in people with and without diabetes between 2004 and 2014 in England

From: Gender differences in hospital admissions for major cardiovascular events and procedures in people with and without diabetes in England: a nationwide study 2004–2014

Outcome Changes in rates
Hospital admissions, rate ratio (95% CI) In-patient mortality, rate ratio (95% CI)
Total population Male Female P value gender versus yearc Total population
Rate ratioa P P value diabetes versus yearb Rate ratioa P Rate ratioa P Rate ratioa P
AMI
 Diabetes 0.99 (0.98–1.01) 0.587 0.311 1.00 (0.98–1.01) 0.626 0.99 (0.98–1.00) 0.096 0.470 0.95 (0.93–0.97) <0.001
 No diabetes 0.97 (0.95–0.99) 0.039   0.97 (0.96–0.98) <0.001 0.98 (0.97–0.99) <0.001 0.992 0.96 (0.94–0.98) <0.001
Stroke
 Diabetes 1.02 (1.01–1.03) 0.005 0.309 1.03 (1.01–1.04) <0.001 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 0.062 0.178 0.95 (0.93–0.96) <0.001
 No diabetes 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 0.993   1.00 (0.99–1.01) 0.930 0.99 (0.99–1.01) 0.791 0.340 0.94 (0.93–0.96) <0.001
PCI
 Diabetes 1.03 (1.01–1.04) <0.001 0.109 1.03 (1.02–1.04) <0.001 1.02 (1.01–1.03) 0.002 0.200 1.07 (1.05–1.09) <0.001
 No diabetes 1.01 (0.97–1.03) 0.586   1.01 (1.00–1.02) 0.131 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 0.497 0.914 1.10 (1.07–1.12) <0.001
CABG
 Diabetes 0.97 (0.96–0.98) <0.001 0.008 0.97 (0.96–0.98) <0.001 0.96 (0.95–0.97) <0.001 0.552 0.96 (0.94–0.98) <0.001
 No diabetes 0.94 (0.93–0.95) <0.001   0.95 (0.94–0.95) <0.001 0.94 (0.93–0.95) <0.001 0.719 0.98 (0.97–0.99) <0.001
  1. AMI acute myocardial infarction, CABG coronary artery bypass grafting, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, CI confidence interval
  2. aRate ratios are obtained from negative binomial regression models adjusted for age, gender and study year
  3. bP value is based on interaction between diabetes status and study year from negative binomial regression models
  4. cP value is based on interaction between gender and study year from negative binomial regression models