Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of people affected by cardiovascular disease by diabetes status and gender in England between 2004–2005 and 2014–2015

From: Gender differences in hospital admissions for major cardiovascular events and procedures in people with and without diabetes in England: a nationwide study 2004–2014

Outcome Diabetes No diabetes
Women Men Women Men
2004–2005 2014–2015 P 2004–2005 2014–2015 P 2004–2005 2014–2015 P 2004–2005 2014–2015 P
AMI
 Number of events 4848 5982   7641 10,843   22,811 18,735   38,305 35,083  
 % of males   61.2 64.5 <0.001a   62.7 65.2 <0.001a
 Female-to-male ratio (95% CI)   0.63 (0.62–0.64) 0.55 (0.54–0.56) <0.001a   0.59 (0.59–0.6) 0.53 (0.53–0.54) <0.001a
 Age, year, mean (SD) 74.9 (11.1) 73.7 (12.7) <0.001b 69.3 (11.8) 69.4 (12.5) 0.727 76.2 (12.3) 75.2 (14.0) 0.001b 67.1 (13.7) 66.3 (14.1) 0.001b
 Age groups, N (%) (years)
  17–44 72 (1.5) 121 (2.0) <0.001a 211 (2.8) 292 (2.7) <0.001a 406 (1.8) 437 (2.3) <0.001a 2198 (5.7) 1986 (5.7) <0.001a
  45–64 709 (14.6) 1270 (21.2)   2203 (28.8) 3434 (31.7)   3448 (15.1) 3854 (20.6)   13,726 (35.8) 14,127 (40.3)  
  ≥65 4067 (83.9) 4591 (76.8)   5227 (68.4) 7117 (65.6)   18,957 (83.1) 14,444 (77.1)   22,381 (58.5) 18,970 (54.0)  
 Median LOS, days (IQR) 5 (8–14) 3 (5–10) <0.001d 5 (7–12) 3 (4–8) <0.001d 5 (7–12) 2 (4–8) <0.001d 4 (6–10) 2 (3–6) <0.001d
 Number of deaths (%) 881 (18.2) 676 (11.3) <0.001a 1031 (13.5) 954 (8.8) <0.001a 4417 (19.4) 1982 (10.6) <0.001a 4453 (11.6) 2347 (6.7) <0.001a
Stroke
 Number of events 4702 7678   4959 9600   34,079 34,947   29,005 33,247  
 % of males   51.3 55.6 <0.001a   46.0 48.7 <0.001a
 Female-to-male ratio (95% CI)   0.95 (0.94–0.95) 0.80 (0.80–0.81) <0.001a   1.17 (1.17–1.2) 1.05 (1.04–1.05) <0.001a
 Age, year, mean (SD) 76.2 (11.1) 76.8 (11.9) 0.006b 72.0 (11.1) 72. 5 (11.6) 0.002b 77.1 (13. 4) 76.5 (14. 6) <0.001b 71.4 (13.6) 71.1 (14.4) 0.002b
 Age groups, N (%) (years)
  17–44 58 (1.2) 99 (1.3) 0.036a 82 (1.6) 176 (1.8) 0.405a 1116 (3.3) 1288 (3.7) <0.001a 1353 (4.7) 1628 (4.9) <0.001a
  45–64 589 (12.5) 1086 (14.1)   1038 (20.9) 2081 (21.7)   4147 (12.2) 5181 (14.8)   6478 (22.3) 8151 (24.5)  
  ≥65 4055 (86.2) 6493 (84.6)   3839 (77.4) 7343 (76.5)   28,816 (84.6) 28,478 (81.5)   21,174 (73.0) 23,468 70.6)  
 Median LOS, days (IQR) 6 (15–33) 3 (7–20) <0.001d 5 (11–28) 2 (6–16) <0.001ε 5 (12–29) 2 (7–19) <0.001d 4 (10–24) 2 (5–14) <0.001d
 Number of deaths (%) 1485 (31.6) 1438 (18.7) <0.001a 1191 (24.0) 1410 (14.7) <0.001a 11,614 (34.1) 7005 (20.4) <0.001a 7476 (19.5) 4812 (13.7) <0.001a
CABG
 Number of events 1028 1111   3531 4275   4029 2649   15,165 11,005  
 % of males   77.5 79.4 0.02a   79.0 80.6 <0.001a
 Female-to-male ratio (95% CI)   0.29 (0.27–0.3) 0.26 (0.25–0.27) 0.02a   0.26 (0.25–0.27) 0.24 (0.23–0.25) <0.001a
 Age, year mean (SD) 67.5 (8.5) 68.1 (9.8) 0.105b 65.1 (8.7) 66.7 (9.5) <0.001b 69.2 (9.1) 70.3 (10.1) <0.001b 65.4 (9.4) 67.1 (10.2) <0.001b
 Age groups, N (%) (years)
  17–44 13 (1.3) 16 (1.4) 0.940a 57 (1.6) 64 (1.5) 0.004a 63 (1.6) 40 (1.5) 0.610a 317 (2.1) 199 (1.8) <0.001a
  45–64 322 (31.3) 348 (31.3)   1460 (41.3) 1612 (37.7)   966 (24.0) 608 (30.0)   6217 (41.0) 3916 (35.6)  
  ≥65 693 (67.4) 747 (67.2)   2014 (57.0) 2599 (60.8)   3000 (74.5) 2001 (75.5)   8631 (56.9) 6890 (62.6)  
 Median LOS, days (IQR) 8 (11–20) 8 (11–18) 0.086d 7 (9–16) 7 (9–14) <0.001d 7 (10–16) 7 (10–17) 0.672c 7 (8–13) 6 (9–14) 0.041c
 Number of deaths (%) 53 (5.1) 30 (2.7) 0.003a 102 (2.8) 69 (1.6) <0.001a 219 (5.4) 131 (4.9) 0.379a 412 (2.7) 256 (2.3) 0.054a
PCI
Number of events 2238 4576   5106 11,862   11,190 14,764   31,386 43,178  
% of males   69.5 72.2 <0.001a   73.7 74.5 0.004a
Female-to-male ratio (95% CI)   0.44 (0.42–0.45) 0.38 (0.37–0.39) <0.001a   0.36 (0.35–0.37) 0.34 (0.33–0.34) 0.004a
Age, year, mean (SD) 65.3 (10.7) 67.9 (11.8) <0.001b 63.2 (10.1) 65.5 (11.2) <0.001b 66.4 (10.5) 68.9 (12.2) <0.001b 61.7 (10.9) 63.4 (12.2) <0.001b
 Age groups, N (%) (years)
  17–44 91 (4.1) 152 (3.3) <0.001a 217 (4.2) 402 (3.4) <0.001a 348 (3.1) 416 (2.8) <0.001a 1996 (6.4) 2438 (5.6) <0.001a
  45–64 850 (38.0) 1513 (33.1)   2404 (47.1) 4982 (42.0)   4066 (36.3) 4585 (31.1)   16,445 (52.4) 20,416 (47.2)  
  ≥65 1297 (58.0) 2911 (63.6)   2485 (48.7) 6478 (54.6)   6776 (60.6) 9763 (66.1)   12,945 (41.2) 20,324 (47.1)  
 Median LOS, days (IQR) 1 (2–6) 1 (2–5) 0.013d 1 (2–5) 1 (2–4) <0.001d 1 (2–4) 1 (2–4) <0.001d 1 (2–4) 1 (2–3) <0.001d
 Number of deaths (%) 45 (2.0) 146 (3.2) 0.006a 65 (1.3) 253 (2.1) <0.001a 142 (1.3) 426 (2.9) <0.001a 282 (0.9) 851 (2.0) <0.001a
  1. AMI acute myocardial infarction, CABG coronary artery bypass grafting, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, LOS length of hospital stay, IQR interquartile range, CI confidence interval, SD standard deviation
  2. aChi square test
  3. bStudent’s t test
  4. cWilcoxon test—2004 figure lower
  5. dWilcoxon test—2004 figure higher