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Table 3 Echocardiographic parameters of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy with or without diabetes

From: Diabetic retinopathy is associated with diastolic dysfunction in type 2 diabetic patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy

Variable DM group No DM group P value*
LVEDD (mm) 58.0 ± 7.9 58.7 ± 10.1 0.967
LVESD (mm) 46.5 ± 11.1 45.4 ± 11.8 0.630
IVSd (mm) 10.4 ± 2.0 9.7 ± 1.6 0.122
IVSs (mm) 13.2 ± 2.9 12.7 ± 2.7 0.381
PWd (mm) 10.5 ± 2.0 9.7 ± 1.6 0.077
PWs (mm) 13.9 ± 2.4 13.6 ± 2.4 0.504
RWT 0.4 ± 0.1 0.3 ± 0.1 0.277
LVEF (%) 37.3 ± 16.9 39.5 ± 16.8 0.546
LVFS (%) 20.9 ± 9.1 22.7 ± 9.6 0.402
LV mass (g) 253.0 ± 78.7 229.0 ± 77.5 0.178
LV mass index (g/m2) 149.5 ± 41.0 141.5 ± 45.4 0.391
E (m/s) 0.80 ± 0.30 0.76 ± 0.26 0.796
A (m/s) 0.76 ± 0.27 0.69 ± 0.18 0.385
E/A ratio 1.31 ± 0.96 1.13 ± 0.78 0.701
E′ (m/s) 0.05 ± 0.02 0.05 ± 0.02 0.095
E/E′ ratio 19.32 ± 12.20 14.85 ± 5.81 0.516
  1. A peak late diastolic mitral inflow velocity, E peak early diastolic mitral inflow velocity, E′ early diastolic mitral annular velocity, IVSd interventricular septal thickness at end-diastole, IVSs interventricular septal thickness at end-systole, LV left ventricular, LVDd left ventricle dimension at end-diastole, LVDs left ventricle dimension at end-systole, PWd posterior wall thickness at end-diastole, PWs posterior wall thickness at end-systole, RWT relative wall thickness
  2. P < 0.05 by independent t-test or Mann–Whitney test