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Table 1 Characteristics of study populations

From: Impact of glycemic control on aortic stiffness, left ventricular mass and diastolic longitudinal function in type 2 diabetes mellitus

  T2DM patients Healthy volunteers P
Mean ± SD/median [IQR] Mean ± SD/median [IQR]
Gender (M:F) 82:43 61:40 0.45
Age (years) 58 ± 7 57 ± 8 0.24
Height (cm) 170 ± 9 171 ± 9 0.36
BMI (kg/m2) 28.6 ± 4.2 26.1 ± 3.6 <0.0001
Obesity (%) 26.4 9.0 0.0001
Waist circumference (cm) 104 ± 11 93 ± 10 <0.0001
Heart rate (bpm) 68 ± 11 62 ± 10 <0.0001
Systolic/diastolic BP (mmHg) 138 ± 17/80±9 121 ± 11/75±7 <0.0001
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.89 ± 0.72 3.11 ± 0.93 0.10
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.28 ± 0.31 1.48 ± 0.34 <0.0005
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.33 [0.94] 1.11 [0.73] 0.001
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 7.0 ± 1.8 5.1 ± 0.5 <0.0001
HbAc1 (%) 7.0 [1.3]   
T2DM duration (years) 7.1 ± 6.4   
Current smoking (%) 35.2 29.1 0.26
BP-lowering treatment (%) 52.8 0 <0.0001
Lipid-lowering treatment (%) 44.0 0 <0.0001