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Table 3 Markers of cardio-metabolic risk factors at 5-year follow-up for the whole cohort

From: Leptin and adiponectin as predictors of cardiovascular risk after gestational diabetes mellitus

  TG/HDL ratio ApoB/apoA ratio LDL/HDL ratio
Uni Multi Uni Multi Uni Multi
Follow-up 0.01   −0.01   −0.04  
Age 0.02   −0.01   0.01  
BMI 0.41***   0.28***   0.31***  
Parity −0.06   −0.09   −0.08  
Smoking 0.14* 0.13* 0.07   0.04  
Diabetes in family 0.10   0.09   0.07  
Heart disease in family 0.03   0.01   0.04  
Systolic BP 0.27*** 0.22** 0.10   0.11  
Diastolic BP 0.13*   0.02   0.01  
CRP 0.30** 0.10 0.13   0.15*  
Insulin sensitivity −0.50*** −0.31*** −0.33*** −0.25*** −0.39***  
Insulin resistance 0.44***   0.31***   0.36*** 0.32***
Β-cell function −0.40***   −0.29***   −0.32***  
PWV 0.24***   0.15* 0.10 0.15*  
Visceral fat 0.41***   0.30***   0.32***  
Leptin 0.32***   0.16**   0.21***  
Adiponectin −0.37*** −0.18** −0.26*** −0.17** −0.27*** 0.17**
L/A ratio 0.43***   0.25 ***   0.31***  
GDM WHO 0.27** 0.16** 0.18**   0.18**  
R square   0.35   0.15   0.17
  1. The independent variables with a p < 0.2 that is included in multivariable models are marked in italics
  2. * p < 0.05
  3. ** p < 0.01
  4. *** p < 0.001
  5. aPrimipara/multipara
  6. bPrevious and current, Linear regression (Beta, p)