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Table 2 Association between L/A ratio and clinical characteristics throughout pregnancy and at 5 year follow-up

From: Leptin and adiponectin as predictors of cardiovascular risk after gestational diabetes mellitus

  14–16 weeks 22–24 weeksc 30–32 weeks 36–38 weeksc 5 year. follow-up
Uni Multi Uni Multi Uni Multi Uni Multi Uni Multi
Age −0.02   −0.01   −0.03   −0.13* −0.12* −0.01  
BMI 0.70*** 0.53*** 0.68*** 0.50*** 0.61*** 0.38*** 0.61*** 0.50*** 0.73*** 0.56***
Paritya 0.05   0.02   −0.01   −0.08 −0.14** 0.04  
Smokingb 0.16*   0.15*   0.09   0.18**   0.01  
Systolic BP 0.26***   0.20**   0.22***   0.25***   0.28***  
CRP 0.25***   0.32***   0.28***   0.20***   0.32***  
Insulin sensitivity −0.60*** −0.32*** −0.61** −0.35*** −0.61*** −0.24* −0.50*** −0.37*** −0.61*** −0.29***
Insulin resistance 0.56***   0.53***   0.59*** 0.28* 0.48***   0.56***  
Β-cell function −0.39***   −0.38***   −0.33*** 0.20** −0.18*** 0.17** −0.45***  
R-square   0.56   0.55     0.49   
  1. Values from the previous visit were used. The independent variables with a p < 0.2 that is included in multivariable models are marked in italics
  2. * p < 0.05
  3. ** p < 0.01
  4. *** p < 0.001
  5. aPrimipara/multipara
  6. bPrevious and current, Linear regression (Beta, p)
  7. cMeasures of glucose metabolism not available at indicated time-point