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Table 3 Cardiometabolic parameters of smokers and non-smoker of included studies

From: Relationship of cardiometabolic parameters in non-smokers, current smokers, and quitters in diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Cardiometabolic parameters
Smokers Non-smokers
HbA1c (%) Mean (SD) HDL mmol/l
Mean (SD)
LDL mmol/l
Mean (SD)
SBP mm of Hg
Mean (SD)
DBP mm of Hg
Mean (SD)
HbA1C (%)
Mean (SD)
HDL mmol/l
Mean (SD)
LDL mmol/l
Mean (SD)
SBP mm of Hg
Mean (SD)
DBP mm of Hg
Mean (SD)
Reynolds et al. [42] (T2DM) 8.85 (±2.89) 2.23 (±0.59) 6.23 (±2.06) 120.8 (±11.8) 74.8 (±10.2) 7.77 (±2.37) 2.36 (±0.59) 5.79 (±1.75) 116.4 (±12.9) 72.2 (±10.8)
Reynolds et al. [42] (T1DM) 9.16 (±2.08) 2.84 (±0.71) 5.82 (±1.76) 110.7 (±10.9) 71.1 (±9.8) 8.19 (±1.63) 2.98 (±0.69) 5.39 (±1.49) 105.6 (±10.9) 66.9 (± 9.6)
Hofer et al. [43] 9.1 (±1.91) 3.35 (±1.84) 5.24 (±3.56) 116.8 (±14) 68.2 (±10.82) 8.0 (±3.07) 3.53 (±2.76) 5.26 (±5.52) 117.37 (±19.93) 67.6 (±15.33)
Thomas et al. [44] 8.2 (±2.0) 1.12 (±0.31) 3.6 (±0.9) 131 (±20) 82 (±12) 7.6 (±1.8) 1.20 (±0.30) 3.5 (±0.8) 135 (±20) 82 (±12)
Schwab et al. [45] 9.3 (9.0–10.9) 3.22 (3.05–3.44) 6.16 (5.94–6.38) 125 (120–130) 69 (67–70) 7.4 (7.3–7.5) 3.33 (3.16–3.38) 4.99 (4.77–5.16) 120 (120–120) 125 (120–130)
Wakabayashi et al. [46] 7.75 (±1.59) 1.30 (±0.35) 3.12 (±0.87) Not reported Not reported 7.48 (±1.52) 1.39 (±0.36) 3.04 (±0.81) Not reported Not reported
Nilsson et al. [48] 8.7 (±1.2) Not reported Not reported 127 (±11.0) 73 (±7.0) 8.1 (±1.4) Not reported Not reported 128 (±13.0) 75 (±10.0)
Nilsson et al. [48] 7.67 (1.44) Not reported Not reported 130 (17.9) 73.5 (8.7) 7.21 (1.34) Not reported Not reported 129.3 (16.7) 74.9 (8.9)
Ohkuma et al. [50] 6.65 (1.50) Not reported Not reported 142.2 (19.3) 79.0 (9.6) 6.44 (1.39) Not reported Not reported 146.2 (19.4) 79.1 (9.6)
Hansen et al. [47] 8.7 (1.2) Not reported Not reported 127 (11) 73 (7.0) 8.1 (1.4) Not reported Not reported 128 (13) 75 (10)
Gerber et al. [49] 9.0 (2.3) 1.53 (0.46) 2.78 (1.00) 127.6 (18.6) 76.8 (12.3) 8.1 (2.0) 1.68 (0.51) 2.7 (0.92) 126.2 (15.7) 77.9 (10.3)