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Table 1 Characteristics of type 2 diabetes patients

From: Associations between explorative dietary patterns and serum lipid levels and their interactions with ApoA5 and ApoE haplotype in patients with recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes

Variables  
General traits
N (% male) 348 (64 %)
Age (years) 52.6 (10.9)
BMI (kg/m2) 31.6 (6.2)
Waist-to-hip ratio 0.96 (0.08)
Waist circumference (cm) 105 (15)
Diabetes-related parameters
Duration since diagnosis of diabetes (months) 6.1 (3.2)
Glucose-lowering medication (diet/oral glucose-lowering medication/insulin + oral glucose-lowering medication/insulin) 164 (47 %)/157 (45 %)/17 (5 %)/10 (3 %)
HbA1c (%) 6.4 (1.0)
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 126 (28)
Fasting C-peptide (ng/ml) 2.9 (2.2; 4.0)
HOMA-IR* 3.8 (2.5; 5.7)
HOMA-B (%)* 76.1 (50.1; 120.8)
Serum lipids
Lipid-lowering medication (yes/no) 73 (21 %)/275 (79 %)
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 126 (91; 185)
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 127 (37)
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 47.9 (12.2)
Genotype
ApoA5 haplotype (ApoA5*1/ApoA5*2/ApoA5*3/ApoA5*amb) 251 (72 %)/45 (13 %)/47 (14 %)/5 (1 %)
ApoE haplotype (ApoE2-expressing/ApoE3-expressing/ApoE4-expressing/ApoE2/4) 56 (16 %)/205 (59 %)/80 (23 %)/7 (2 %)
Socio-economic status
Current employment status (employed/unemployed) 227 (65 %)/121 (35 %)
Highest school-leaving qualification (“Hauptschule”/”Realschule”/Polytechnic Secondary School/”Fachhochschulreife”/”Abitur”/no school-leaving certificate/others) 126 (36 %)/80 (23 %)/5 (1 %)/40 (11 %)/85 (24 %)/6 (2 %)/6 (2 %)
Current/former employment position [laborer/employee/official/self-employed/supporting family member/no further details/still in education (unpaid)/others] 69 (20 %)/222 (64 %)/14 (4 %)/26 (7 %)/1 (0.3 %)/9 (3 %)/1 (0.3 %)/2 (0.6 %)/4 (1 %)
  1. Data are n (%), mean (SD) or median (P25; P75)
  2. * Based on n = 327 patients with type 2 diabetes due to exclusion of those treated with intermediate- or long-acting insulin