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Table 2 Features, interventions, and outcomes of cardiac arrest events stratified by neurological outcome

From: Associations between blood glucose level and outcomes of adult in-hospital cardiac arrest: a retrospective cohort study

Variables All patients (n = 402) Patients with favourable neurological outcome at hospital discharge (n = 70) Patients without favourable neurological outcome at hospital discharge (n = 332) p value
Arrest at night, n (%) 240 (59.7) 41 (58.6) 199 (59.9) 0.89
Arrest on weekend, n (%) 110 (27.4) 17 (24.3) 93 (28.0) 0.56
Arrest location, n (%) 0.01
 Intensive care unit 138 (34.3) 30 (42.9) 108 (32.5)  
 General ward 217 (54.0) 27 (38.6) 190 (57.2)  
 Others 47 (11.7) 13 (18.6) 34 (10.2)  
Witnessed arrest, n (%) 255 (63.4) 51 (72.9) 204 (61.4) 0.08
Monitored status, n (%) 231 (57.6) 49 (71.0) 182 (54.8) 0.01
Shockable rhythm, n (%) 71 (17.7) 28 (40) 43 (13.0) <0.001
Critical care interventions in place at time of arrest, n (%)
 Mechanical ventilation 72 (17.9) 10 (14.3) 62 (18.7) 0.49
 Antiarrhythmics 32 (8.0) 7 (10) 25 (7.5) 0.47
 Vasopressors 128 (31.8) 24 (34.3) 104 (31.3) 0.67
 Dialysis 29 (7.2) 3 (4.3) 26 (7.8) 0.45
 Pulmonary artery catheter 7 (1.7) 3 (4.3) 4 (1.2) 0.10
 Intra-aortic balloon pumping 6 (1.5) 2 (2.9) 4 (1.2) 0.28
CPRa duration, min (SDb) 18.2 (16.0) 12.7 (10.2) 19.3 (16.7) <0.001
Vital signs during the first 24 h after sustained ROSCc
 Fever, n (%) 105 (26.1) 17 (24.3) 88 (26.5) 0.77
 Post-ROSC hypotension, n (%) 40 (10.0) 1 (1.4) 39 (11.7) 0.007
Indicators of glucose control during the first 24 h after sustained ROSC
 Maximum glucose level, mg/dl (SD) 259.0 (117.4) 264.6 (112.3) 257.8 (118.5) 0.67
 Minimum glucose level, mg/dl (SD) 160.8 (93.6) 158.2 (60.4) 161.4 (99.2) 0.45
 Mean glucose level, mg/dl (SD) 209.9 (92.7) 211.4 (75.1) 209.6.8 (96.1) 0.59
 Hyperglycaemia, n (%) 199 (49.5) 36 (51.4) 163 (49.1) 0.79
 Hypoglycaemia, n (%) 55 (13.7) 0 (0) 55 (16.6) <0.001
Post-ROSC interventions, n (%)
 Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation 40 (10.0) 10 (14.3) 30 (9.0) 0.19
 Therapeutic hypothermia 11 (2.7) 3 (4.3) 8 (2.4) 0.41
 Percutaneous coronary intervention 32 (8.0) 18 (25.7) 14 (4.2) <0.001
Survival for 24 h, n (%) 296 (73.6) 70 (100) 226 (68.1) <0.001
Survival to hospital discharge, n (%) 130 (32.3) 70 (100) 60 (18.1) <0.001
  1. a CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  2. b SD standard deviation
  3. c ROSC return of spontaneous circulation