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Fig. 7 | Cardiovascular Diabetology

Fig. 7

From: Acute blood glucose fluctuation enhances rat aorta endothelial cell apoptosis, oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in vivo

Fig. 7

ELISA analysis of IL-6, TNF-α and ICAM-1 in plasma. a The Circulating levels of Interleukin-6 (IL-6). b The Circulating levels of Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). c The Circulating levels of Intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1). SAL (SAL group rats underwent 48 h infusions with saline); CHG (CHG group rats underwent 48 h infusions with 50 % glucose continually to keep the glucose concentration at 20 ± 0.5 mmol/l); AFG (AFG group rats underwent 48 h infusions with 50 % glucose intermittently so that blood glucose alternated between 5.5 ± 0.5 and 20 ± 0.5 mmol/l). Data are mean ± SD. n = 10/group. *P < 0.05 vs SAL; #P < 0.05 vs CHG

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