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Table 2 Age-adjusted relationship of GGT levels with each component of MetS (elevated BP, increased WC, high TG, and low HDL-C), MetS, and number of MetS components

From: Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase is not associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes

  Men P Women P
mean (95 % CI) mean (95 % CI)
Elevated BP
No 31.8 (28.7–34.8) 0.157 27.0 (24.5–29.6) 0.424
Yes 34.5 (32.3–36.6) 25.8 (24.1–27.5)
Increased WC
No 31.5 (29.2–33.8) 0.007 21.7 (18.9–24.6) <0.001
Yes 36.4 (33.7–39.1) 27.6 (26.0–29.2)
High TG
No 29.7 (27.4–32.0) <0.001 23.4 (21.7–25.2) <0.001
Yes 38.6 (35.9–41.1) 30.7 (28.5–33.0)
Low HDL-C
No 34.8 (32.5–37.0) 0.099 24.6 (22.4–26.9) 0.086
Yes 31.7 (28.9–34.5) 27.2 (25.4–29.0)
MetS
No 30.1 (27.2–32.9) 0.002 21.8 (18.6–25.1) 0.003
Yes 35.7 (33.5–37.9) 27.2 (25.6–28.8)
MetS No
0 29.1 (24.2–34.0) 0.035 17.6 (10.0–25.2) 0.001
1 30.6 (27.1–34.1) 22.7 (19.2–26.3)
2 34.8 (31.5–38.1) 24.8 (22.2–27.3)
3 36.0 (32.4–39.5) 27.5 (25.2–29.8)
4 37.8 (32.1–43.5) 31.4 (27.7–35.0)
  1. BP blood pressure, WC waist circumference, TG triglyceride, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, MetS metabolic syndrome, Met No number of metabolic syndrome components which the subjects satisfy except diabetes