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Table 4 The odds ratio of education for control of 3B (s)

From: Association between socioeconomic status and metabolic control and diabetes complications: a cross-sectional nationwide study in Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Dependent variables Independent variables Unadjusted Model 1 Model 2
OR (95 %CI) p OR (95 %CI) p OR (95 %CI) p
HbA1c <7.0 % College and above 1.09 (0.97, 1.21) 0.153 1.40 (1.24, 1.57) <.001 1.38 (1.22, 1.56) <.001
Secondary Education 1.01 (0.90, 1.13) 0.882 1.09 (0.98, 1.22) 0.114 1.07 (0.96, 1.20) 0.228
Primary Education 1.00 (0.91, 1.11) 0.935 1.23 (1.11, 1.37) <.001 1.23 (1.10, 1.37) <.001
Illiteracy 1   1   1  
BP <140/80 mmHg College and above 1.03 (0.92, 1.15) 0.624 1.09 (0.97, 1.23) 0.146 1.07 (0.95, 1.21) 0.280
Secondary Education 1.01 (0.90, 1.13) 0.898 1.03 (0.92, 1.15) 0.639 1.02 (0.91, 1.14) 0.782
Primary Education 1 (0.90, 1.11) 0.996 1.04 (0.93, 1.16) 0.501 1.02 (0.92, 1.14) 0.703
Illiteracy 1   1   1  
TC <4.5 mmol/L College and above 1.15 (1.03, 1.30) 0.017 1.02 (0.90, 1.150) 0.816 1.02 (0.90, 1.15) 0.799
Secondary Education 1.12 (0.10, 1.25) 0.062 1.07 (0.95, 1.20) 0.275 1.07 (0.95, 1.20) 0.262
Primary Education 1.09 (0.98, 1.21) 0.125 1.04 (0.93, 1.17) 0.495 1.04 (0.92, 1.16) 0.547
Illiteracy 1   1   1  
BP 140/80 mmHg, HbA1c <7.0 % and TC <4.5 mmol/L College and above 1.28 (1.10, 1.49) 0.002 1.32 (1.12, 1.54) <.001 1.30 (1.11, 1.53) 0.001
Secondary Education 1.12 (0.96, 1.30) 0.141 1.12 (0.97, 1.31) 0.134 1.11 (0.96, 1.30) 0.165
Primary Education 1.14 (0.99, 1.32) 0.066 1.23 (1.06, 1.42) 0.007 1.22 (1.05, 1.41) 0.001
Illiteracy 1   1   1  
  1. Model 1 adjusted for age and gender
  2. Model 2 adjusted for age, gender, BMI, smoking, alcohol consumptions, exercise and diabetes duration
  3. Data were analyzed using a multivariable logistic regression analysis