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Table 3 Clinical parameters at baseline in (a) type 1 and (b) 2 diabetes patients

From: Cohort profile: the German Diabetes Study (GDS)

  N M ± SD LQ/UQ Med
Panel a
Age (years) 240 36.0 ± 11.8 26.3/45.4 34.0
Body mass index (kg/m2) 240 24.8 ± 4.1 22.0/26.6 24.0
Waist circumference (cm) 239 86.1 ± 12.6 76.2/94.0 85.0
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 237 6.5 ± 1.2 5.8/6.9 6.3
Glucose (mg/dl) 232 133.4 ± 48.0 106.0/150.5 121.0
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 238 184.9 ± 38.6 160.5/207.5 180.5
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 236 60.5 ± 17.3 48.5/70.5 59
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 236 108.9 ± 33.5 87.0/126.5 105.0
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 238 89.6 ± 58.2 56.0/102.0 74.0
ASAT (U/l) 238 22.4 ± 8.5 17.0/25.0 20.2
ALAT (U/l) 238 25.2 ± 18.5 15.9/28.0 20.9
GGT (U/l) 238 22.1 ± 21.7 11.1/26.0 16.0
hsCRP (mg/dl) 237 0.2 ± 0.3 0.1/0.2 0.1
C-peptide (ng/ml) 236 1.2 ± 0.9± 0.5/1.4/ 1.0
SBP (mmHg) 237 129.5 ± 14.9 120.5/138.0 129.0
DBP (mmHg) 237 78.0 ± 9.8 71.0/84.0 77.0
VO2max (ml min.−1 kg−1) 203 27.0 ± 7.8 22.1/31.3 25.7
FMD (%) 201 6.8 ± 6.6 2.2/10.6 5.6
NMD (%) 196 16.4 ± 9.5 9.3/22.1 15.8
Panel b
Age (years) 458 53.5 ± 10.4 47.1/62.4 54.8
Body mass index (kg/m2) 456 31.7 ± 6.0 27.1/35.4 31.1
Waist circumference (cm) 455 105.9 ± 14.7 95.0/115.5 105.5
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 452 6.4 ± 0.8 5.8/6.8 6.2
Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 438 125.0 ± 28.6 107.0/137.0 122.0
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 451 206.2 ± 42.0 180.0/234.0 203.0
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 448 46.4 ± 12.8 37.0/53.0 45.0
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 448 130.5 ± 36.1 105.2/153.5 129.0
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 451 176.0 ± 165.2 98.0/203.8 137.0
ASAT (U/l) 451 25.4 ± 11.0 19.0/29.0 23.0
ALAT (U/l) 451 34.5 ± 19.5 21.9/41.8 29.0
GGT (U/l) 451 43.0 ± 51.0 21.4/48.0 31.6
hsCRP (mg/dl) 446 0.4 ± 0.7 0.1/0.5 0.3
C-peptide (ng/ml) 445 3.3 ± 1.6 2.2/4.2 3.0
SBP (mmHg) 447 141.6 ± 17.1 129.5/152.0 141.5
DBP (mmHg) 447 85.1 ± 10.5 78.0/91.5 84.5
VO2max (ml min.−1 kg−1) 317 19.1 ± 4.9 15.6/21.8 18.7
FMD (%) 332 5.6 ± 5.3 1.9/8.25 4.5
NMD (%) 338 12.2 ± 7.3 6.6/16.2 11.5
  1. Number (N) of type 1 (DM) participants or samples, M mean, SD standard deviation, Med median, LQ lower quartile, UQ upper quartile, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, ASAT Aspartate-Aminotransferase, ALAT Alanine-Aminotransferase, GGT Gamma-Glutamyltransferase, hsCRP high sensitive C-reactive protein, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure. VO 2 max maximal oxygen uptake, FMD flow-mediated (endothelium-dependent) vasodilatation, NMD nitrogen-mediated (endothelium independent) vasodilatation