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Table 2 Carotid intima-media thickness, blood pressure and serum lipids at baseline and after 12 months

From: Effects of exercise training on carotid intima-media thickness in patients with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease. Influence of carotid plaques

  All
(n = 137)a
Exercise
(n = 61)
Control
(n = 62)
p value
Baseline Baseline 12 months Baseline 12 months
cIMT (mm) 0.855 ± 0.172 0.876 ± 0.187 0.858 ± 0.175 0.853 ± 0.141 0.849 ± 0.131 0.57
SBP (mmHg) 139 ± 17 139 ± 17 140 ± 17 139 ± 16 139 ± 16 0.75
DBP (mmHg) 79 ± 9 78 ± 9 79 ± 9 80 ± 9 80 ± 10 0.51
TC (mmol/L)b 3.9 (3.4, 4.5) 3.8 (3.4, 4.3) 3.9 (3.3, 4.6) 4.0 (3.3, 4.7) 3.7 (3.2, 4.5)* 0.014
LDL (mmol/L)b 2.0 (1.6, 2.6) 1.9 (1.6, 2.5) 2.0 (1.7, 2.7)* 2.1 (1.6, 2.7) 1.9 (1.5, 2.7)* 0.020
HDL (mmol/L)b 1.12 (0.94, 1.40) 1.12 (0.96, 1.32) 1.11 (0.93, 1.41) 1.13 (0.93, 1.40) 1.09 (0.94, 1.34) 0.080
TG (mmol/L)b 1.40 (1.07, 1.88) 1.43 (1.09, 1.91) 1.53 (1.10, 1.99) 1.38 (0.98, 1.89) 1.38 (0.87, 2.01) 0.20
CRP (mg/L)b 2.41 (1.15, 4.99) 2.04 (0.95, 4.40) 1.99 (1.00, 4.21) 2.40 (1.19, 4.98) 1.77 (0.96, 3.86) 0.91
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD if not otherwise stated
  2. cIMT carotid intima-media thickness, SBP/DBP systolic/diastolic blood pressure, TC total cholesterol, LDL low density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL high density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG triglycerides. CRP c-reactive protein
  3. p value refers to difference between the groups in changes from baseline to 12 months (one-way ANCOVA). * p < 0.05, within-group changes from baseline to 12 months
  4. aNo significant between group differences
  5. bMedian (25, 75 percentiles)