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Table 1 General characteristics of subjects

From: Sensitivity of various adiposity indices in identifying cardiometabolic diseases in Arab adults

Parameter 2008–2009 2013–2014 P value
N 3,971 2,850  
M/F 1698/2,273 926/1,924
DM (%) 1,141 (28.7) 1,216 (42.7)
CHD (%) 51 (1.3) 12 (0.4)
Hypertension (%) 288 (7.3) 122 (4.3)
Dyslipidemia (%) 20 (0.5) 38 (1.3)
MetS (%) 1,649 (41.5) 1,668 (58.5)
Age (years) 40.3 ± 16.2 47.3 ± 13.9 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 28.8 ± 6.3 30.6 ± 6.4 <0.001
Waist (cm) 89.6 ± 21.0 94.1 ± 21.8 <0.001
Hips (cm) 100.3 ± 21.5 102.3 ± 21.1 <0.001
WHR 0.91 ± 0.2 0.93 ± 0.2 <0.001
WHtR 0.55 ± 0.1 0.59 ± 0.1 <0.001
Body Adiposity Index 30.9 ± 13.5 34.3 ± 14.9 <0.001
Visceral Adiposity Index 3.8 ± 3.9 3.4 ± 2.9 <0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 120.4 ± 15.2 126.2 ± 16.6 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 76.8 ± 9.0 80.0 ± 10.9 NS
Glucose (mmol/L) 6.9 ± 3.8 7.8 ± 4.0 <0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.67 ± 1.0 1.84 ± 1.2 <0.001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.0 ± 1.2 5.0 ± 1.2 NS
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.87 ± 0.4 1.0 ± 0.3 <0.001
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.4 ± 1.0 3.1 ± 1.0 <0.001
  1. Data presented as mean ± standard deviation; significant at p < 0.05.