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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of study subjects

From: Relationship between serum osteocalcin level and carotid intima-media thickness in a metabolically healthy Chinese population

Variables Men Premenopausal women Postmenopausal women
n 155 201 120
Age (years) 50.1 ± 10.6 42.0 ± 6.8** 55.0 ± 4.4**,****
BMI (kg/m2) 22.0 ± 1.8 21.5 ± 1.7* 21.7 ± 1.8
W (cm) 78.0 (74.0–84.0) 72.0 (69.5–77.0)** 75.0 (71.0–80.0)**,****
SBP (mmHg) 119.3 (110.0–121.3) 110.7 (103.3–120.0)** 112.7 (107.7–120.0)*
DBP (mmHg) 74.7 (70.0–79.3) 72.0 (66.7–79.2)* 71.7 (69.3–78.7)*
FPG (mmol/L) 5.1 ± 0.4 5.1 ± 0.4 5.1 ± 0.4
2hPG (mmol/L) 5.5 ± 1.1 5.7 ± 1.0 6.0 ± 1.0**,****
HbA1c (%) 5.4 (5.2–5.6) 5.4 (5.1–5.6) 5.5 (5.3–5.8)**,****
FINS (mU/L) 5.5 (3.8–7.5) 6.4 (4.9–8.8)** 6.1 (4.5–7.6)
HOMA-IR 1.2 (0.8–1.7) 1.4 (1.1–2.0)** 1.4 (1.0–1.7)
TC (mmol/L) 4.34 ± 0.48 4.28 ± 0.54 4.54 ± 0.43**,****
TG (mmol/L) 0.88 (0.69–1.17) 0.79 (0.61–1.00)** 0.87 (0.65–1.16)***
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.40 (1.25–1.61) 1.53 (1.37–1.78)** 1.62 (1.45–1.79)**
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.65 ± 0.48 2.50 ± 0.46** 2.61 ± 0.44***
CRP (mg/L) 0.5 (0.3–0.8) 0.3 (0.2–0.7)** 0.5 (0.2–0.8)****
Smoking, n (%) 76 (49.0) 6 (3.0)** 1 (0.8)**
CVD family history, n (%) 45 (29.0) 52 (25.9) 47 (39.2)***
  1. Data were presented as mean ± standard deviation or median (interquartile range)
  2. BMI body mass index, W waist circumference, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose, 2hPG 2-h plasma glucose, HbA1c glycated hemoglobin, FINS fasting insulin, HOMA-IR homoeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, CRP C-reactive protein, CVD cardiovascular disease
  3. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01 vs. men; ***P < 0.05; ****P < 0.01 vs. premenopausal women