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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study population

From: Association of insulin resistance and coronary artery remodeling: an intravascular ultrasound study

Characteristics Total (n = 298) HOMA negative (n = 168) HOMA positive (n = 130) p-value
Age (years) 62.6 ± 11.2 62.0 ± 10.8 63.2 ± 11.6 0.357
Male 202 (67.8) 114 (67.9) 88 (67.7) 0.976
Waist Circumference (cm) 89.6 ± 8.2 88.6 ± 8.9 91.2 ± 6.8 0.075
BMI (Kg/m2) 24.8 ± 3.1 24.2 ± 3.0 25.5 ± 3.0 <0.001
Hypertension 189 (63.4) 93 (55.4) 96 (73.8) 0.001
Current smoker 141 (47.3) 80 (47.6) 61 (46.9) 0.905
Diabetes Mellitus 89 (29.9) 35 (20.8) 54 (41.5) <0.001
Previous MI 16 (5.4) 9 (5.4) 7 (5.4) 0.913
Previous CVA 11 (3.7) 7 (4.2) 4 (3.1) 0.554
Acute coronary syndrome 148 (49.7) 78 (46.4) 70 (53.8) 0.204
Number of diseased vessels     0.365
 One 105 (35.2) 65 (38.7) 40 (30.8)  
 Two 101 (33.9) 54 (32.1) 47 (36.2)  
 Three 92 (30.9) 49 (29.2) 43 (33.1)  
Metabolic syndrome score 2.13 ± 1.14 1.74 ± 1.09 2.63 ± 1.00 <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 178.9 ± 46.4 177.6 ± 46.7 180.7 ± 46.3 0.564
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 144.5 ± 90.5 134.4 ± 84.2 157.5 ± 96.9 0.029
HDL-C (mg/dL) 42.1 ± 10.2 43.5 ± 10.6 40.3 ± 9.3 0.006
LDL-C (mg/dL) 105.5 ± 39.4 106.0 ± 1.5 104.7 ± 36.5 0.772
HbA1C (%) 6.56 ± 1.33 6.28 ± 1.10 6.95 ± 1.51 <0.001
NT-proBNP (pg/ml) 1233.4 ± 5065.4 562.3 ± 1356.7 2153.7 ± 7562.8 0.043
hsCRP (mg/dl) 0.53 ± 1.18 0.47 ± 1.02 0.61 ± 1.36 0.336
LV Ejection fraction (%) 55.7 ± 12.9 56.1 ± 12.4 55.1 ± 13.5 0.494
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SD or number (%)
  2. MetS metabolic syndrome, BMI body mass index, MI myocardial infarction, CVA cerebrovascular accident, NT-proBNP N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, LV left ventricle