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Table 4 Odds ratio of NWO for increased subclinical atherosclerosis

From: Normal-weight obesity is associated with increased risk of subclinical atherosclerosis

  Odds ratio (95 % CI) P-value
  NWL NWO  
n = 1795 n = 283
PWV (highest tertile)    
 Model 1 1.000 (Reference) 2.008 (1.557 - 2.591) <0.001
 Model 2 1.394 (1.043 - 1.862) 0.025
 Model 3 1.254 (0.927 -1.694) 0.142
Any plaque    
 Model 1 1.000 (Reference) 1.494 (1.160 - 1.924) 0.002
 Model 2 1.271 (0.954 - 1.693) 0.101
Soft plaque    
 Model 1 1.000 (Reference) 1.615 (1.182 - 2.207) 0.003
 Model 2 1.586 (1.146 - 2.194) 0.005
 Model 3 1.515 (1.084 - 2.116) 0.015
 Model 4 1.539 (1.100 - 2.154) 0.012
 Model 5 1.555 (1.110 - 2.177) 0.010
 Model 6 1.460 (1.027 - 2.074) 0.035
  1. For PWV, the odds ratio for being in the highest tertile of PMV was analyzed. For any coronary plaque or soft plaque, the odds ratio for having these characteristics was analyzed for NWO subjects as compared with the NWL subjects
  2. Model 1 : before adjustment
  3. Model 2 : adjusted for age and sex
  4. Model 3 : adjusted for age, sex, systolic BP, fasting glucose, HDL, CRP
  5. Model 4: adjusted for age, sex, systolic BP, fasting glucose, HDL, CRP, anti-hypertension medication, antidiabetic medication, lipid lowering agent, antiplatelet agent
  6. Model 5: adjusted for age, sex, systolic BP, fasting glucose, HDL, CRP, anti-hypertension medication, antidiabetic medication, lipid lowering agent, antiplatelet agent, smoking
  7. Model 6: adjusted for age, sex, systolic BP, fasting glucose, HDL, CRP, anti-hypertension medication, antidiabetic medication, lipid lowering agent, antiplatelet agent, smoking, physical activity
  8. CI confidence interval, NWO normal weight obesity, NWL normal weight lean, PWV pulse wave velocity