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Table 3 Echocardiographic Characteristics of the Patients

From: Association of peripheral nerve conduction in diabetic neuropathy with subclinical left ventricular systolic dysfunction

  All Patients (n = 112) Patients with DN (n = 41) Patients without DN (n = 71) p value
Left atrial volume index, ml/m2 29 ± 8 31 ± 9 28 ± 7 0.18
LV mass index, g/m2 76 ± 18 79 ± 18 74 ± 18 0.17
End systolic volume, ml 24 ± 9 25 ± 10 24 ± 8 0.42
End diastolic volume, ml 71 ± 19 73 ± 20 70 ± 18 0.37
LV ejection fraction, % 66 ± 4 66 ± 3 66 ± 4 0.96
Stroke volume, ml 63 ± 12 62 ± 14 63 ± 11 0.67
E/A 0.88 ± 0.29 0.82 ± 0.28 0.9 ± 0.29 0.15
Deceleration Time 205 ± 53 203 ± 63 206 ± 46 0.76
E’ 6.2 ± 1.8 5.9 ± 1.7 6.4 ± 1.9 0.20
E/E’ 10.5 ± 3.3 11.0 ± 3.8 10.2 ± 3.0 0.27
Global longitudinal strain, % 19 ± 3 18 ± 2 20 ± 2 <0.001
  1. Values are mean ± SD for normally distributed data.
  2. DN = diabetic neuropathy; LV = left ventricular; E = peak early diastolic mitral flow velocity; A = peak late diastolic mitral flow velocity; E’ = Spectral pulsed-wave Doppler–derived early diastolic velocity from the septal mitral annulus.