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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of the study population and LMCA fat quartile

From: Epicardial fat thickness is associated to type 2 diabetes mellitus in Korean men: a cross-sectional study

Variable LMCA fat quartile p value*
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Age (years) 36.9 ± 9.5 40.5 ± 9.2 42.6 ± 9.8 43.4 ± 10.3 <0.001
Smoker (%) 51 (19.7) 47 (18.1) 39 (15.6) 80 (30.6) 0.091
Hypertension (%) 34 (12.9) 41 (15.5) 53 (20.4) 59 (22.4) 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 23.4 ± 3.9 24.7 ± 4.2 25.3 ± 3.8 26.0 ± 3.1 0.014
WC (cm) 87.4 ± 5.9 88.1 ± 6.7 88.9 ± 6.5 90.6 ± 7.1 <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 122.6 ± 12.1 125.1 ± 12.2 125.6 ± 11.6 127.7 ± 12.2 <0.001
DBP (mmHg) 74.4 ± 9.3 75.6 ± 10.2 76.9 ± 10.0 78.3 ± 9.5 <0.001
AST (IU/L) 22.3 ± 7.3 23.5 ± 8.1 25.2 ± 6.9 26.4 ± 7.9 0.004
ALT (IU/L) 22.4 ± 8.2 25.5 ± 7.5 27.1 ± 9.0 27.3 ± 8.3 0.010
GGT(IU/L) 31.6 ± 9.3 36.3 ± 8.6 43.5 ± 10.1 45.2 ± 11.3 <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 188.7 ± 33.8 191.3 ± 31.7 187.6 ± 34.8 190.4 ± 35.9 0.901
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 106 ± 21.9 116 ± 23.1 130 ± 19.4 128 ± 21.3 <0.001
HDL-C(mg/dL) 51.5 ± 11.4 49.8 ± 10.4 48.6 ± 11.5 49.5 ± 11.0 0.017
LDL-C (mg/dL) 121.3 ± 32.3 123.4 ± 29.1 119.1 ± 33.1 119.3 ± 33.6 0.214
Fasting glucose (md/dL) 90.2 ± 21.8 93.8 ± 20.9 96.2 ± 22.1 97.5 ± 18.6 <0.001
HbA1c (%) 5.8 ± 1.0 5.9 ± 0.9 6.0 ± 0.8 6.1 ± 0.8 0.002
Diabetes (%) 18 (6.9) 25 (9.5) 43 (16.4%) 55 (21.3%) <0.001
  1. *P value was calculated by ANOVA or chi-square test.
  2. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation.
  3. LMCA fat: left main coronary artery fat distance measured by low dose chest CT; BMI: Body mass index; WC: Waist circumference; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; AST: asparatate transaminase; ALT: alanine aminotransferase; GGT: gamma galutamyl transferase; HDL-C: high density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C: low density lipoprotein cholesterol; HBA1c: hemoglobin A1c; DM: diabetes mellitus.