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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population (n = 1,048)

From: Epicardial fat thickness is associated to type 2 diabetes mellitus in Korean men: a cross-sectional study

Variable Overall (n = 1,048) Diabetes (n = 141) Non-diabetes (n = 907) p value*
Age 41.3 ± 6.3 44.1 ± 7.1 40.25 ± 6.9 <0.001
Smoker (%) 217 (20.7) 39 (27.7) 178 (19.6) <0.001
Hypertension (%) 187 (17.8) 37 (26.2) 150 (16.5) <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 24.9 ± 7.3 26.1 ± 5.7 23.7 ± 2.8 <0.001
WC (cm) 88..4 ± 5.6 91.2 ± 6.1 86.5 ± 7.5 <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 125.3 ± 12.4 126.1 ± 10.5 124.8 ± 11.4 0.024
DBP (mmHg) 75.4 ± 9.6 77.2 ± 10.1 75.1 ± 10.0 <0.001
AST (IU/L) 24.7 ± 7.9 26.2 ± 8.5 24.2 ± 6.5 0.007
ALT (IU/L) 26.2 ± 8.1 27.5 ± 7.1 25.6 ± 9.4 0.006
GGT(IU/L) 41.5 ± 8.5 43.6 ± 8.2 40.2 ± 10.1 <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 189.7 ± 29.5 190.1 ± 28.7 189.6 ± 30.8 0.751
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 127.6 ± 24.9 131.7 ± 25.1 127.1 ± 19.9 <0.001
HDL-C(mg/dL) 48.4 ± 10.4 48.0 ± 9.8 49.6 ± 11.1 0.021
LDL-C (mg/dL) 119.3 ± 30.3 120.4 ± 29.2 119.1 ± 33.5 0.252
Fasting glucose (md/dL) 97.5 ± 20.1 103.8 ± 21.5 96.1 ± 25.4 <0.001
HbA1c (%) 5.9 ± 1.1 6.3 ± 1.2 5.7 ± 0.9 <0.001
LMCA fat (mm) 14.9 ± 5.3 17.6 ± 6.7 14.4 ± 5.9 < 0.001
  1. *P value was calculated by ANOVA or chi-square test.
  2. Abbreviation: LMCA. left main coronary artery fat distance measured by low dose chest CT, DM, diabetes mellitus.