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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis for detecting GLS < 18%

From: Clinical features of subclinical left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus

  Univariate Multivariate
Dependent variables OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value
Age 0.99 0.974-1.019 0.75    
DM duration 1.03 0.996-1.069 0.08    
Gender (female) 0.54 0.273-1.075 0.08    
Type 2 DM 8.02 2.663-24.15 <0.001 5.39 1.329-21.86 0.02
Obesity 4.36 2.117-8.961 <0.001 2.96 1.201-7.312 0.02
Hypertension 1.74 0.878-3.446 0.11    
Hypertriglyceridemia 4.52 2.128-9.604 0.001 3.43 1.347-8.739 0.001
Nephropathy 10.7 4.765-24.19 <0.001 5.26 2.111-13.12 <0.001
Neuropathy 4.58 2.184-9.600 <0.001 4.52 1.734-11.80 0.002
Retinopathy 2.21 1.105-4.439 0.02    
  1. GLS = global longitudinal strain; DM = diabetes mellitus; CI = confidence interval; OR = odds ratio.