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Table 1 Characteristics of Chinese adults by glycemic status

From: Awareness, treatment and control of cardiometabolic disorders in Chinese adults with diabetes: a national representative population study

  Glycemic status
Normal glucose regulation Prediabetes Newly-diagnosed diabetes Previously-diagnosed diabetes
Age, year 37.3 (37.1, 37.5) 44.9 (44.7, 45.2) 50.6 (50.1, 51.1) 54.9 (54.3, 55.5)
Sex
Men 47.4 (46.7, 48.2) 52.7 (52.1, 53.3) 53.3 (51.9, 54.7) 52.5 (50.6, 54.4)
Women 52.6 (51.9, 53.3) 47.3 (46.7, 47.9) 46.7 (45.3, 48.1) 47.5 (45.6, 49.4)
Location
Urban 30.1 (29.7, 30.6) 30.2 (29.8, 30.5) 33.8 (32.7, 35.0) 49.9 (48.0, 51.8)
Rural 69.9 (69.4, 70.4) 69.8 (69.5, 70.2) 66.2 (65.0, 67.4) 50.1 (48.2, 52.0)
Economic development
Underdeveloped 32.7 (32.1, 33.3) 35.8 (35.4, 36.2) 32.9 (31.5, 34.2) 19.9 (18.4, 21.6)
Intermediately developed 36.3 (35.7, 36.8) 31.7 (31.3, 32.1) 30.2 (29.0, 31.5) 30.9 (29.2, 32.6)
Developed 31.0 (30.5, 31.5) 32.5 (32.1, 32.9) 36.9 (35.7, 38.2) 49.2 (47.3, 51.1)
Parental diabetes 4.7 (4.4, 5.0) 5.1 (4.8, 5.3) 6.8 (6.2, 7.6) 21.4 (19.8, 23.1)
Junior high education or more 69.2 (68.6, 69.8) 58.3 (57.7, 58.8) 54.1 (52.7, 55.5) 58.1 (56.3, 60.0)
Current smoking 26.9 (26.3, 27.5) 29.7 (29.2, 30.3) 28.6 (27.4, 29.9) 24.0 (22.3, 25.7)
Current drinking 28.2 (27.6, 28.8) 31.0 (30.4, 31.5) 30.1 (28.9, 31.5) 24.2 (22.6, 26.0)
Physical activity, MET-h/wk 85.2 (83.7, 86.7) 92.3 (91.0, 93.6) 81.1 (78.2, 84.0) 61.0 (58.2, 63.8)
BMI, kg/m2 22.9 (22.9, 23.0) 24.0 (23.9, 24.0) 25.3 (25.2, 25.5) 25.5 (25.4, 25.7)
Waist circumference, cm 77.6 (77.5, 77.8) 81.0 (80.8, 81.1) 85.7 (85.3, 86.0) 86.5 (86.1, 87.0)
Fasting plasma glucose, mmol/L 4.9 (4.9, 4.9) 5.6 (5.6, 5.6) 7.6 (7.5, 7.6) 8.7 (8.6, 8.9)
OGTT-2h plasma glucose, mmol/L 5.3 (5.2, 5.3) 6.2 (6.2, 6.3) 11.0 (10.9, 11.2) 9.7 (9.0, 10.4)
HbA1c, % 5.4 (5.4, 5.4) 5.8 (5.8, 5.8) 6.9 (6.8, 6.9) 7.8 (7.7, 7.8)
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 125.6 (125.4, 125.9) 133.7 (133.4, 133.9) 143.4 (142.7, 144.1) 146.0 (145.1, 146.9)
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 78.2 (78.0, 78.3) 81.7 (81.5, 81.8) 86.0 (85.6, 86.3) 86.4 (86.0, 86.9)
Total cholesterol, mg/dL 146.8 (146.3, 147.3) 161.8 (161.3, 162.3) 176.7 (175.3, 178.1) 174.3 (172.5, 176.2)
Triglycerides, mg/dL 102.5 (101.2, 103.7) 124.4 (123.0, 125.8) 181.0 (176.0, 187.7) 179.9 (172.6, 187.1)
LDL-C, mg/dL 80.8 (80.5, 81.2) 91.9 (91.5, 92.2) 100.4 (99.5, 101.4) 99.8 (98.5, 101.0)
HDL-C, mg/dL 43.0 (42.8, 43.1) 42.9 (42.8, 43.1) 41.5 (41.2, 41.9) 40.0 (39.6, 40.5)
  1. Data are weighted means (95% CIs) for continuous variables, and weighted percentages (95% CIs) for categorical variables.
  2. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; MET-h/wk, metabolic equivalent hours per week; BMI, body mass index; OGTT, oral glucose tolerance test; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.