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Table 3 Relative risks of atrial fibrillation in hazard ratios according to weight change groups

From: Body weight and risk of atrial fibrillation in 7,169 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes; an observational study

  All Weight gain Stable weight Weight loss
Total cohort     
 -number of patients 7169 1023 3736 2410
 -number of AF events 287 49 139 99
Model A: Hazard ratio (95% CI)   1.54 (1.11–2.14) 1.00 Reference 1.07 (0.82–1.39)
Model B: Hazard ratio (95% CI)   1.53 (1.10–2.12) 1.00 Reference 1.06 (0.81–1.38)
Subgroup with BMI ≥ 30     
 -number of patients 3840 468 1790 1582
 -number of AF events 170 27 78 65
Model A: Hazard ratio (95% CI)   1.60 (1.03–2.49) 1.00 Reference 0.94 (0.67–1.31)
Model B: Hazard ratio (95% CI)   1.59 (1.02–2.47) 1.00 Reference 0.93 (0.67–1.30)
  1. Model A: Adjustments for age, gender, body mass index at baseline and previous angina pectoris. Model B: Adjustments as in Model A + systolic blood pressure; included imputation of missing blood pressure data. AF = atrial fibrillation, CI = confidence interval, BMI = body mass index.