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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes related to weight changes within 18 months after diagnosis

From: Body weight and risk of atrial fibrillation in 7,169 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes; an observational study

  Weight gain Stable weight Weight loss
  (n = 1023) (n = 3736) (n = 2410)
Age, years 58.0 (10.3)*** 60.0 (10.2) 59.3 (10.4)**
Men, n (%) 578 (56.5) 2142 (57.3) 1095 (45.4)***
BMI, kg/m2 30.3 (5.8) 30.3 (5.1) 32.8 (5.8)***
BMI ”1.5-year” 32.4 (6.1)*** 30.2 (5.1) 30.3 (5.5)
HbA1c, % 6.5 (0.8)*** 6.7 (0.8) 6.9 (0.8)***
Cholesterol, mmol/l 5.7 (1.2) 5.6 (1.1) 5.7 (1.2)
LDL, mmol/l 3.5 (1.0) 3.5 (0.9) 3.5 (1.0)
HDL, mmol/l 1.5 (0.9) 1.4 (0.8) 1.4 (0.8)
Triglycerides, mmol/l 2.3 (2.2) 2.2 (1.6) 2.3 (2.0)*
Systolic BP, mmHg 145.5 (17.9) 145.7 (17.6) 147.4 (17.5)***
Diastolic BP, mmHg 84.0 (9.3) 83.3 (9.4) 84.7 (9.2)***
Creatinine, mmol/l 78.2 (18.0)* 79.5 (17.0) 78.4 (18.7)*
Estimated GFR, ml/min 85.3 (17.5)*** 83.0 (16.8) 82.5 (17.5)
Angina pectoris, n (%) 38 (3.7)* 206 (5.5) 99 (4.1)*
  1. All numbers are means (±1 standard deviation) or numbers (percent). Significant difference from the group with stable weight: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, BMI = Body mass index, LDL = Low density lipoprotein, HDL = High density lipoprotein, BP = Blood pressure, GFR = Glomerular filtration rate.